Source parameters of March 10 and September 13, 2007, United Arab Emirates earthquakes

Y. Al Marzooqi, K. M. Abou Elenean, A. S. Megahed, I. El-Hussain, A. J. Rodgers, E. Al Khatibi

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Abstract

On March 10 and September 13, 2007 two earthquakes with moment magnitudes 3.66 and 3.94, respectively, occurred in the eastern part of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The two events were widely felt in the northern Emirates and Oman and were accompanied by a few aftershocks. Ground motions from these events were well recorded by the broadband stations of Dubai (UAE) and Oman seismological networks and provide an excellent opportunity to study the tectonic process and present day stress field acting in this area. In this study, we report the focal mechanisms of the two main shocks by two methods: first motion polarities and regional waveform moment tensor inversion. Our results indicate nearly pure normal faulting mechanisms with a slight strike slip component. We associated the fault plane trending NNE-SSW with a suggested fault along the extension of the faults bounded Bani Hamid area. The seismicity distribution between two earthquake sequences reveals a noticeable gap that may be a site of a future event. The source parameters (seismic moment, moment magnitude, fault radius, stress drop and displacement across the fault) were also estimated from displacement spectra. The moment magnitudes were very consistent with waveform inversion. The recent deployment of seismic networks in Dubai and Oman reveals tectonic activity in the northern Oman Mountains that was previously unknown. Continued observation and analysis will allow for characterization of seismicity and assessment of seismic hazard in the region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-247
Number of pages11
JournalTectonophysics
Volume460
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 15 2008

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Keywords

  • Arabian-Eurasian collision
  • Regional waveform inversion
  • Source parameters
  • United Arab Emirates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Geophysics

Cite this

Al Marzooqi, Y., Abou Elenean, K. M., Megahed, A. S., El-Hussain, I., Rodgers, A. J., & Al Khatibi, E. (2008). Source parameters of March 10 and September 13, 2007, United Arab Emirates earthquakes. Tectonophysics, 460(1-4), 237-247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2008.08.017