Soilless culture in controlled environment: Mechanisms of recovering crop production of the salt affected lands due to seawater intrusion

Y. A. Al-Mulla, H. Al-Busaidi, M. Al-Balushi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Seawater intrusion in Al-Batinah region, the largest agricultural area in Oman, has played a key role in soil salinization, which resulted in the abandonment of the vast majority of agricultural lands and contributed to the disruption of crop production. This study analyzes two combined mechanisms, using soilless culture in a controlled environment agriculture structure, as an option to overcome the soil salinity problem and recover the crop production of these lands. Cucumber crops were planted in two different growing media; soil (SS) and soilless culture consisting of wood straw (WS). Both growing media were placed in two different controlled environment structures; a greenhouse and a screenhouse. In greenhouse structure, the leaf area index (LAI) of cucumber plants in WS and SS were close to each other whereas the crop water requirements (ETc) for cucumbers planted in the WS were less than those planted in SS with an average of 2.3 and 2.6 mm/day respectively. Cucumbers planted in WS produced yield faster than those planted in SS. The WS planted cucumber produced 22 kg/m2 whereas the SS planted cucumbers produced 26 kg/m2. In screenhouse, the average LAI were 1.0 and 1.3 for cucumbers planted in the WS and in the SS respectively. The ETc of cucumbers planted in the WS were less than those planted in SS by 0.2 mm/day. Similar to greenhouse, cucumbers planted in WS produced yield faster than those planted in SS. The WS cucumber plants produced a yield of 22 kg/m2 whereas the SS planted cumbers produced a yield of 31 kg/m2. These results provide promising solution of recovering the crop production in salt affected lands due to seawater intrusion.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014
PublisherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
Pages4828-4836
Number of pages9
Volume7
ISBN (Print)9781632668455
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jul 13 2014Jul 16 2014

Other

OtherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period7/13/147/16/14

Fingerprint

Salt water intrusion
saltwater intrusion
Controlled Environment
Cucumis sativus
soilless culture
Straw
Seawater
cucumbers
Crops
crop production
Wood
Salts
straw
salts
Greenhouses
Soil
growing media
Soils
greenhouses
leaf area index

Keywords

  • Controlled environment
  • Greenhouse
  • Natural ventilation
  • Screenhouse
  • Seawater intrusion
  • Soil salinity
  • Soilless culture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Al-Mulla, Y. A., Al-Busaidi, H., & Al-Balushi, M. (2014). Soilless culture in controlled environment: Mechanisms of recovering crop production of the salt affected lands due to seawater intrusion. In American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014 (Vol. 7, pp. 4828-4836). American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.

Soilless culture in controlled environment : Mechanisms of recovering crop production of the salt affected lands due to seawater intrusion. / Al-Mulla, Y. A.; Al-Busaidi, H.; Al-Balushi, M.

American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014. Vol. 7 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2014. p. 4828-4836.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Al-Mulla, YA, Al-Busaidi, H & Al-Balushi, M 2014, Soilless culture in controlled environment: Mechanisms of recovering crop production of the salt affected lands due to seawater intrusion. in American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014. vol. 7, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, pp. 4828-4836, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014, Montreal, Canada, 7/13/14.
Al-Mulla YA, Al-Busaidi H, Al-Balushi M. Soilless culture in controlled environment: Mechanisms of recovering crop production of the salt affected lands due to seawater intrusion. In American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014. Vol. 7. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. 2014. p. 4828-4836
Al-Mulla, Y. A. ; Al-Busaidi, H. ; Al-Balushi, M. / Soilless culture in controlled environment : Mechanisms of recovering crop production of the salt affected lands due to seawater intrusion. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2014, ASABE 2014. Vol. 7 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2014. pp. 4828-4836
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