Soil Application of Boron Improves the Tillering, Leaf Elongation, Panicle Fertility, Yield and its Grain Enrichment in Fine-Grain Aromatic Rice

Atique-ur-Rehman, Muhammad Farooq*, Ahmad Nawaz, Abdul Rehman, Saba Iqbal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Boron (B) is one of the essential micronutrients having a specific role, particularly during reproductive phase, in rice. In a previous experiment on aerobic rice, panicle sterility was noted as one of the major challenges. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the influence of soil-applied B on tillering, panicle sterility, water relations, and grain enrichment in fine-grain aromatic rice cultivars ‘Super Basmati’ and ‘Shaheen Basmati’. Boron was soil applied at 0.50, 0.75, 1, 1.25, and 1.50 kg ha−1while the control treatment did not receive B. Rate of leaf emergence and elongation and tiller appearance were significantly improved by B application. Likewise, B application also improved the leaf chlorophyll contents and water relations in both rice cultivars. Substantial improvement in kernel yield and yield contributing traits was also observed by B application owing to decrease in panicle sterility. A linear increase in leaf and kernel B contents was observed with increase in B application rate. However, the range for an optimum B application rate is very narrow and increase of B application beyond 1 kg ha−1was toxic. In conclusion, soil application of B is an effective way to decrease panicle sterility and increase the kernel yield and grain B enrichment in rice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-354
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Plant Nutrition
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 23 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • boron
  • chlorophyll
  • grain filling
  • panicle sterility
  • rice
  • water relations
  • yield

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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