Short-term efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty in omani eyes with glaucoma: A single institutional study

Aisha Al Busaidi*, Kashinatha Shenoy, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, Abdullah Al-Mujaini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: There is some evidence suggesting a different nature of response to selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) among different races. Therefore, we aimed to assess the short-term efficacy, safety and nature of outcome of SLT in Omani eyes. Patients and Methods: A retrospective review was performed of patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) or ocular hypertension (OHTN) who underwent a single session of 360-degree SLT between January 1, 2017 and December 31, 2018. The main outcome was mean IOP reduction and attainment of treatment success at 5 weeks and 12 weeks post treatment defined as at least 20% IOP reduction from baseline without further medications or inter-ventions. Secondary outcomes were frequency of adverse events and factors predicting success. Results: A total of 33 eyes of 33 Omani patients who underwent treatment with SLT were analyzed. The nature of response to laser followed a gradual pattern as the mean IOP reduction from baseline was 20.2% (5.21 mm Hg, P <0.001) at 5 weeks and further enhanced to 27.2% (6.95 mm Hg, P <0.001) at 12 weeks. Short-term success was achieved in 51.5% and 72.2% of eyes at 5 and 12 weeks, respectively. SLT was most effective in OHTN subgroup and those with higher baseline IOP (both P <0.001). Side effects were an infre-quent occurrence, minor and transient. Conclusion: The short-term success of SLT in Omani eyes was clinically relevant and comparable to the gradual pattern seen in patients of Indian ancestry. It is a safe therapeutic option in selective Omani eyes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2631-2638
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Ophthalmology
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Ocular hypertension
  • Open-angle glaucoma
  • Outcome
  • Race
  • SLT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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