Short and long-term impacts of ambient ozone on health in Ahvaz, Iran

Patrick Amoatey, Afshin Takdastan, Pierre Sicard, Philip K. Hopke, Mahad Baawain, Hamid Omidvarborna, Somayeh Allahyari, Arezou Esmaeilzadeh, Alessandra De Marco, Yusef Omidi Khanaibadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of the study was to investigate short- and long-term mortality due to exposure of the inhabitants of Ahvaz (Iran) to ground-level ozone (O3). The study employed the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe’s (WHO/Europe) AirQ + modeling system to estimate total mortality (TM), cardiovascular mortality (CM), and respiratory mortality (RM) using relative risks (RR) and baseline incidences (BI). The AirQ + model estimates that 2.08% (95% CI: 1.39 — 2.76) of TM, 2.78% of CM (95% CI: 0 — 4.13), and 5.48% of RM (95% CI: 2.76 — 8.14) in 2015 are attributed to surface O3 concentration exceeding 10 µg m−3. Due to lower surface O3 concentrations in 2016 (35.2 µg/m3), compared to 2015 (79.2 µg/m3), the attributable proportions of health endpoints to O3 exposure were significantly lower, i.e.,.72% for TM,.96% for CM and 1.92% for RM. The long-term excess risks for RM were 1.53% (95% CI:.77 — 2.28) and.14% (95% CI:.07 —.2) in 2015 and 2016, respectively. The estimated health effects from O3 exposures in Ahvaz were low compared to other studies in Iran and across the world. Introduction of electric and hybrid cars with good urban planning could further reduce the health impacts of O3 exposure in Ahvaz.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHuman and Ecological Risk Assessment
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Ozone
Iran
ozone
Health
mortality
Mortality
Urban planning
Railroad cars
health
City Planning
health impact
World Health Organization
urban planning
automobile

Keywords

  • Ahvaz
  • AirQ+
  • Health impact
  • mortality
  • O
  • SOMO35

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecological Modelling
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Amoatey, P., Takdastan, A., Sicard, P., Hopke, P. K., Baawain, M., Omidvarborna, H., ... Khanaibadi, Y. O. (Accepted/In press). Short and long-term impacts of ambient ozone on health in Ahvaz, Iran. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment. https://doi.org/10.1080/10807039.2018.1492872

Short and long-term impacts of ambient ozone on health in Ahvaz, Iran. / Amoatey, Patrick; Takdastan, Afshin; Sicard, Pierre; Hopke, Philip K.; Baawain, Mahad; Omidvarborna, Hamid; Allahyari, Somayeh; Esmaeilzadeh, Arezou; De Marco, Alessandra; Khanaibadi, Yusef Omidi.

In: Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amoatey, P, Takdastan, A, Sicard, P, Hopke, PK, Baawain, M, Omidvarborna, H, Allahyari, S, Esmaeilzadeh, A, De Marco, A & Khanaibadi, YO 2019, 'Short and long-term impacts of ambient ozone on health in Ahvaz, Iran', Human and Ecological Risk Assessment. https://doi.org/10.1080/10807039.2018.1492872
Amoatey, Patrick ; Takdastan, Afshin ; Sicard, Pierre ; Hopke, Philip K. ; Baawain, Mahad ; Omidvarborna, Hamid ; Allahyari, Somayeh ; Esmaeilzadeh, Arezou ; De Marco, Alessandra ; Khanaibadi, Yusef Omidi. / Short and long-term impacts of ambient ozone on health in Ahvaz, Iran. In: Human and Ecological Risk Assessment. 2019.
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abstract = "The objective of the study was to investigate short- and long-term mortality due to exposure of the inhabitants of Ahvaz (Iran) to ground-level ozone (O3). The study employed the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe’s (WHO/Europe) AirQ + modeling system to estimate total mortality (TM), cardiovascular mortality (CM), and respiratory mortality (RM) using relative risks (RR) and baseline incidences (BI). The AirQ + model estimates that 2.08{\%} (95{\%} CI: 1.39 — 2.76) of TM, 2.78{\%} of CM (95{\%} CI: 0 — 4.13), and 5.48{\%} of RM (95{\%} CI: 2.76 — 8.14) in 2015 are attributed to surface O3 concentration exceeding 10 µg m−3. Due to lower surface O3 concentrations in 2016 (35.2 µg/m3), compared to 2015 (79.2 µg/m3), the attributable proportions of health endpoints to O3 exposure were significantly lower, i.e.,.72{\%} for TM,.96{\%} for CM and 1.92{\%} for RM. The long-term excess risks for RM were 1.53{\%} (95{\%} CI:.77 — 2.28) and.14{\%} (95{\%} CI:.07 —.2) in 2015 and 2016, respectively. The estimated health effects from O3 exposures in Ahvaz were low compared to other studies in Iran and across the world. Introduction of electric and hybrid cars with good urban planning could further reduce the health impacts of O3 exposure in Ahvaz.",
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