Saami mitochondrial DNA reveals deep maternal lineage clusters

Madjid Delghandi, Egil Utsi, Stefan Krauss

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Abstract

The mitochondrial DNA of 62 Saami from the north of Norway was analyzed in the D loop hypervariable region I and II and sequences were compared to other gene pools. Two major (lineage 1 and 2) and two minor (lineage 3 and 4) maternal lineage clusters were found. Lineage 1 (56.9% of all hitherto analyzed Saami samples) contains a substantial number of branching haplotypes which are unknown in European gene pools. Lineage 2 (31.5%) and lineage 4 (3.6%) have few branching points and are present at a low rate throughout European gene pools. Lineage 3 (4.7%) has polymorphisms characteristic of circumpolar lineages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-114
Number of pages7
JournalHuman Heredity
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1998

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Keywords

  • D loop
  • Mitochondrial DNA
  • Polymorphism
  • Saami

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)

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