Role of Bisphenol A in Autophagy Modulation: Understanding the Molecular Concepts and Therapeutic Options

Srinivasa Rao Sirasanagandla, R G Sumesh Sofin, Isehaq Al-Huseini, Srijit Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bisphenol A (4,4'-isopropylidenediphenol) is an organic compound, commonly used in the plastic bottles, packaging containers, beverages and resin industry. The adverse effects of bisphenol A were studied in various systems of the body. Autophagy is a lysosomal degradation process meant for the regeneration of new cells. The role of bisphenol A on autophagy modulation in the pathogenesis of diseases is still debatable. Few research studies showed that bisphenol A-induced adverse effects were associated with autophagy dysregulation, while few showed the activation of autophagy by bisphenol A. Such contrasting views make the subject more interesting and debatable. In the present review, we discuss the different steps of autophagy, genes involved, and the effect of bisphenol A in autophagy modulation on different systems of the body. We also discuss the methods for monitoring autophagy and the roles of drugs such as chloroquine, verteporfin, and rapamycin in autophagy. Proper understanding of the role of bisphenol A in the modulation of autophagy may be important for future treatment and drug discovery.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Feb 14 2022

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