Rhazya stricta enhances IL-1 and TNFα production by macrophages in mice

M. O M Tanira, B. H. Ali, A. K. Bashir, S. Stephen, M. Lukic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rhazya stricta (RS) is a widely used medicinal plant in the Arabian Peninsula with alleged benefits in many unrelated clinical conditions (e.g. diabetes mellitus and helminthiasis). Previous investigations showed that the alkaloidal fraction (AF) is the most pharmacologically active constituent of the plant extract. We hypothesized that some of RS claimed therapeutic effects may be due to immunomodulatory capacity of the plant extract. Therefore, we tested AF effects on the ex vivo production of peritoneal macrophage-derived cytokines in mice. BALB/c male mice received normal saline, 0.5 or 1 mg/animal of AF intramuscularly twice weekly for up to 5 weeks. The animals were sacrificed and the peritoneal cavity was thoroughly washed with Hank's balanced salt solution. The adherent peritoneal cells were cultured in a 24-well plate at 1×106 cells per well in the presence of 5 ng/ml LPS. Culture supernatants were collected and assayed for IL-1α and TNFα by ELISA. Compared to the control (87 ± 25 pg/ml), AF (0.5 mg/animal) induced a statistically significant increase in IL-1α production (239 ± 50 pg/ml, p <0.02) and an increase in TNFα production which did not reach the level of statistical significance (p <0.065). It is concluded that the biological activities of RS may, at least in part, be mediated by enhanced production of proinflammatory cytokines.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume12
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 20 1998

Fingerprint

Rhazya stricta
Apocynaceae
Macrophages
interleukin-1
Interleukin-1
macrophages
Plant Extracts
plant extracts
Animals
mice
cytokines
Helminthiasis
Cytokines
helminthiasis
immunomodulators
animals
Peritoneal Cavity
Peritoneal Macrophages
Therapeutic Uses
Medicinal Plants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Rhazya stricta enhances IL-1 and TNFα production by macrophages in mice. / Tanira, M. O M; Ali, B. H.; Bashir, A. K.; Stephen, S.; Lukic, M.

In: FASEB Journal, Vol. 12, No. 5, 20.03.1998.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tanira, M. O M ; Ali, B. H. ; Bashir, A. K. ; Stephen, S. ; Lukic, M. / Rhazya stricta enhances IL-1 and TNFα production by macrophages in mice. In: FASEB Journal. 1998 ; Vol. 12, No. 5.
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