Revolution from monometallic to trimetallic nanoparticle composites, various synthesis methods and their applications: A review

Gaurav Sharma*, Deepak Kumar, Amit Kumar, Ala'a H. Al-Muhtaseb, Deepak Pathania, Mu Naushad, Genene Tessema Mola

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

146 Citations (SciVal)


Trimetallic nanoparticles are mainly formed by the combination of three different metals. The trimetallic catalysts were considerably more professional than bimetallic one. The trimetallic and bimetallic nanoparticles are of enormous attention than that of monometallic in both technological and scientific view as in these nanoparticles the catalytic properties can be tailored better than that of in the single monometallic catalyst. The trimetallic nanoparticles have been synthesized by different methods such as microwave, selective catalytic reduction, micro-emulsion, co-precipitation and hydrothermal etc. The surfaces area of trimetallic nanoparticles is comparatively unstable and thus gets simply precipitated away from their solution and ultimately resulted in their reduced catalytic activity. By using stabilizers like block copolymers, organic ligands, surfactants and dendrimers the trimetallic nanoparticles can be stabilized. The nanocomposites of trimetallics have been synthesized with inorganic and organic compounds such as: carbon, graphene, gelatin, cellulose, starch, chitosan, alginate, collagen and Al2O3 etc. Trimetallic nanoparticles are used as a catalyst due to their outstanding electrochemical catalytic activity in comparison with the monometallic or bimetallic nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1216-1230
Number of pages15
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2017


  • Catalysts
  • Graphene
  • Monometallics
  • Nanocomposites
  • Nanoparticles
  • Trimetallics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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