Revolution from monometallic to trimetallic nanoparticle composites, various synthesis methods and their applications

A review

Gaurav Sharma, Deepak Kumar, Amit Kumar, Ala'a H. Al-Muhtaseb, Deepak Pathania, Mu Naushad, Genene Tessema Mola

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Trimetallic nanoparticles are mainly formed by the combination of three different metals. The trimetallic catalysts were considerably more professional than bimetallic one. The trimetallic and bimetallic nanoparticles are of enormous attention than that of monometallic in both technological and scientific view as in these nanoparticles the catalytic properties can be tailored better than that of in the single monometallic catalyst. The trimetallic nanoparticles have been synthesized by different methods such as microwave, selective catalytic reduction, micro-emulsion, co-precipitation and hydrothermal etc. The surfaces area of trimetallic nanoparticles is comparatively unstable and thus gets simply precipitated away from their solution and ultimately resulted in their reduced catalytic activity. By using stabilizers like block copolymers, organic ligands, surfactants and dendrimers the trimetallic nanoparticles can be stabilized. The nanocomposites of trimetallics have been synthesized with inorganic and organic compounds such as: carbon, graphene, gelatin, cellulose, starch, chitosan, alginate, collagen and Al2O3 etc. Trimetallic nanoparticles are used as a catalyst due to their outstanding electrochemical catalytic activity in comparison with the monometallic or bimetallic nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1216-1230
Number of pages15
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume71
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2017

Fingerprint

Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
composite materials
Composite materials
synthesis
catalysts
Catalysts
catalytic activity
Catalyst activity
Stabilizers (agents)
Dendrimers
Inorganic compounds
inorganic compounds
Selective catalytic reduction
Graphite
starches
Alginate
dendrimers
gelatins
Chitosan

Keywords

  • Catalysts
  • Graphene
  • Monometallics
  • Nanocomposites
  • Nanoparticles
  • Trimetallics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Revolution from monometallic to trimetallic nanoparticle composites, various synthesis methods and their applications : A review. / Sharma, Gaurav; Kumar, Deepak; Kumar, Amit; Al-Muhtaseb, Ala'a H.; Pathania, Deepak; Naushad, Mu; Mola, Genene Tessema.

In: Materials Science and Engineering C, Vol. 71, 01.02.2017, p. 1216-1230.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Sharma, Gaurav ; Kumar, Deepak ; Kumar, Amit ; Al-Muhtaseb, Ala'a H. ; Pathania, Deepak ; Naushad, Mu ; Mola, Genene Tessema. / Revolution from monometallic to trimetallic nanoparticle composites, various synthesis methods and their applications : A review. In: Materials Science and Engineering C. 2017 ; Vol. 71. pp. 1216-1230.
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