Removal of Cu2+ and SO4 2- from aqueous solutions on surface functionalized dehydrated carbon from date palm leaflets

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Abstract

Dehydrated carbon (DC) was prepared from date palm leaflets via sulfuric acid dehydration at 200°C. DC surface was functionalized using ethylene diamine via amide coupling to produce basic dehydrated carbon (BDC). DC possesses high content of carboxylic groups acting as cation exchanger, however, BDC possesses amine and amide groups that are capable of chelating Cu2+. However, when protonated, the amine group acts as anion exchanger for SO4 2-. ∼81% of the carboxylic groups on DC were successfully functionalized to amide-amine groups on BDC surface. Sorption of Cu2+ and SO4 2- was investigated at different initial pH, contact time and ion concentration. Initial pH values for maximum sorption were found to be 5 and 2 for Cu2+ and SO4 2- , respectively, and were used in the kinetic and equilibrium studies. Sorption kinetics data follow well pseudo second order kinetic model. Equilibrium sorption data follow well the Langmuir isotherm. BDC in general shows better performance for Cu2+ and SO4 2- removal than DC. Both carbons show capability of combined equal mass removal of both Cu2+ and SO4 2- at initial pH 2.8 and 3.5 for DC and BDC, respectively, with good recycle properties for 4 cycles in this study.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Water Process Engineering
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Dec 14 2015

Fingerprint

Carbon
aqueous solution
carbon
Sorption
sorption
Amides
Amines
Ion exchangers
kinetics
Kinetics
removal
Phoeniceae
Chloride-Bicarbonate Antiporters
Diamines
Chelation
Dehydration
Sulfuric acid
dehydration
sulfuric acid
ethylene

Keywords

  • Basic
  • Cu
  • Dehydrated carbon
  • SO
  • Sorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

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title = "Removal of Cu2+ and SO4 2- from aqueous solutions on surface functionalized dehydrated carbon from date palm leaflets",
abstract = "Dehydrated carbon (DC) was prepared from date palm leaflets via sulfuric acid dehydration at 200°C. DC surface was functionalized using ethylene diamine via amide coupling to produce basic dehydrated carbon (BDC). DC possesses high content of carboxylic groups acting as cation exchanger, however, BDC possesses amine and amide groups that are capable of chelating Cu2+. However, when protonated, the amine group acts as anion exchanger for SO4 2-. ∼81{\%} of the carboxylic groups on DC were successfully functionalized to amide-amine groups on BDC surface. Sorption of Cu2+ and SO4 2- was investigated at different initial pH, contact time and ion concentration. Initial pH values for maximum sorption were found to be 5 and 2 for Cu2+ and SO4 2- , respectively, and were used in the kinetic and equilibrium studies. Sorption kinetics data follow well pseudo second order kinetic model. Equilibrium sorption data follow well the Langmuir isotherm. BDC in general shows better performance for Cu2+ and SO4 2- removal than DC. Both carbons show capability of combined equal mass removal of both Cu2+ and SO4 2- at initial pH 2.8 and 3.5 for DC and BDC, respectively, with good recycle properties for 4 cycles in this study.",
keywords = "Basic, Cu, Dehydrated carbon, SO, Sorption",
author = "El-Shafey, {El Said I} and Saleh Al-Busafi and Al-Lawati, {Hiader A J} and Al-Shibli, {Aisha S.}",
year = "2015",
month = "12",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1016/j.jwpe.2016.08.007",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Water Process Engineering",
issn = "2214-7144",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Removal of Cu2+ and SO4 2- from aqueous solutions on surface functionalized dehydrated carbon from date palm leaflets

AU - El-Shafey, El Said I

AU - Al-Busafi, Saleh

AU - Al-Lawati, Hiader A J

AU - Al-Shibli, Aisha S.

PY - 2015/12/14

Y1 - 2015/12/14

N2 - Dehydrated carbon (DC) was prepared from date palm leaflets via sulfuric acid dehydration at 200°C. DC surface was functionalized using ethylene diamine via amide coupling to produce basic dehydrated carbon (BDC). DC possesses high content of carboxylic groups acting as cation exchanger, however, BDC possesses amine and amide groups that are capable of chelating Cu2+. However, when protonated, the amine group acts as anion exchanger for SO4 2-. ∼81% of the carboxylic groups on DC were successfully functionalized to amide-amine groups on BDC surface. Sorption of Cu2+ and SO4 2- was investigated at different initial pH, contact time and ion concentration. Initial pH values for maximum sorption were found to be 5 and 2 for Cu2+ and SO4 2- , respectively, and were used in the kinetic and equilibrium studies. Sorption kinetics data follow well pseudo second order kinetic model. Equilibrium sorption data follow well the Langmuir isotherm. BDC in general shows better performance for Cu2+ and SO4 2- removal than DC. Both carbons show capability of combined equal mass removal of both Cu2+ and SO4 2- at initial pH 2.8 and 3.5 for DC and BDC, respectively, with good recycle properties for 4 cycles in this study.

AB - Dehydrated carbon (DC) was prepared from date palm leaflets via sulfuric acid dehydration at 200°C. DC surface was functionalized using ethylene diamine via amide coupling to produce basic dehydrated carbon (BDC). DC possesses high content of carboxylic groups acting as cation exchanger, however, BDC possesses amine and amide groups that are capable of chelating Cu2+. However, when protonated, the amine group acts as anion exchanger for SO4 2-. ∼81% of the carboxylic groups on DC were successfully functionalized to amide-amine groups on BDC surface. Sorption of Cu2+ and SO4 2- was investigated at different initial pH, contact time and ion concentration. Initial pH values for maximum sorption were found to be 5 and 2 for Cu2+ and SO4 2- , respectively, and were used in the kinetic and equilibrium studies. Sorption kinetics data follow well pseudo second order kinetic model. Equilibrium sorption data follow well the Langmuir isotherm. BDC in general shows better performance for Cu2+ and SO4 2- removal than DC. Both carbons show capability of combined equal mass removal of both Cu2+ and SO4 2- at initial pH 2.8 and 3.5 for DC and BDC, respectively, with good recycle properties for 4 cycles in this study.

KW - Basic

KW - Cu

KW - Dehydrated carbon

KW - SO

KW - Sorption

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