Removal efficiency and economic cost comparison of hydrated electron-mediated reductive pathways for treatment of bromate

Shah Nawaz, Noor S. Shah, Javed Ali Khan, Murtaza Sayed, Ala'a H. Al-Muhtaseb, Henrik Rasmus Andersen, Nawshad Muhammad, Behzad Murtaza, Hasan M. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bromate, a potential carcinogen, is a well known highly persistent and environmentally recalcitrant contaminant. UV-254/sulfite-based advanced reductive pathways (ARPs) were proposed to eliminate bromate successfully from water. Experiments with N2, N2O, 2-chlorophenol, inorganic ions, and different pH (highly acidic to highly basic) proved that UV-254/sulfite successfully provides aqueous electron that effectively participate in bromate removal from water. Significant removal, 86%, of initially 39.0 µM bromate was achieved by UV-254/sulfite under conditions that dominate aqueous electron based pathways. The high second-order rate constant of 5.3 × 109 M−1 s−1 determined proved high reactivity of aqueous electron with bromate. The kinetic and removal efficiency of bromate showed linear relationship with the rate of aqueous electron formation. An increase in kinetic and removal efficiency of bromate was observed with increasing initial sulfite concentration and decreasing bromate concentration. The impacts of different initial concentrations of the typical ions commonly found in water were studied in detail to extend the UV-254/sulfite-based process for potential practical applications. The lower molar absorptivity of bromate at 254 nm determined proved insignificant removal of bromate under direct photolysis. The impacts of initial sulfite concentration on removal of bromate in UV-254/sulfite-based process also minimized role of direct photolysis. The cost evaluation and rapid decomposition of bromate into bromide proved UV-254/sulfite-based ARPs to be economical and highly rewarding in efficient decomposition of bromate and other inorganic oxyhalides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-531
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume320
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 2017

Fingerprint

Bromates
sulfite
Sulfites
electron
Economics
Electrons
economics
cost
Costs
Photolysis
photolysis
Decomposition
Water
Carcinogens
Kinetics
Ions
decomposition
kinetics
removal
comparison

Keywords

  • ARPs
  • Bromate
  • Degradation mechanism
  • Sulfite
  • UV-254
  • Water treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Removal efficiency and economic cost comparison of hydrated electron-mediated reductive pathways for treatment of bromate. / Nawaz, Shah; Shah, Noor S.; Khan, Javed Ali; Sayed, Murtaza; Al-Muhtaseb, Ala'a H.; Andersen, Henrik Rasmus; Muhammad, Nawshad; Murtaza, Behzad; Khan, Hasan M.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 320, 15.07.2017, p. 523-531.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nawaz, Shah ; Shah, Noor S. ; Khan, Javed Ali ; Sayed, Murtaza ; Al-Muhtaseb, Ala'a H. ; Andersen, Henrik Rasmus ; Muhammad, Nawshad ; Murtaza, Behzad ; Khan, Hasan M. / Removal efficiency and economic cost comparison of hydrated electron-mediated reductive pathways for treatment of bromate. In: Chemical Engineering Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 320. pp. 523-531.
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AU - Al-Muhtaseb, Ala'a H.

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AU - Khan, Hasan M.

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AB - Bromate, a potential carcinogen, is a well known highly persistent and environmentally recalcitrant contaminant. UV-254/sulfite-based advanced reductive pathways (ARPs) were proposed to eliminate bromate successfully from water. Experiments with N2, N2O, 2-chlorophenol, inorganic ions, and different pH (highly acidic to highly basic) proved that UV-254/sulfite successfully provides aqueous electron that effectively participate in bromate removal from water. Significant removal, 86%, of initially 39.0 µM bromate was achieved by UV-254/sulfite under conditions that dominate aqueous electron based pathways. The high second-order rate constant of 5.3 × 109 M−1 s−1 determined proved high reactivity of aqueous electron with bromate. The kinetic and removal efficiency of bromate showed linear relationship with the rate of aqueous electron formation. An increase in kinetic and removal efficiency of bromate was observed with increasing initial sulfite concentration and decreasing bromate concentration. The impacts of different initial concentrations of the typical ions commonly found in water were studied in detail to extend the UV-254/sulfite-based process for potential practical applications. The lower molar absorptivity of bromate at 254 nm determined proved insignificant removal of bromate under direct photolysis. The impacts of initial sulfite concentration on removal of bromate in UV-254/sulfite-based process also minimized role of direct photolysis. The cost evaluation and rapid decomposition of bromate into bromide proved UV-254/sulfite-based ARPs to be economical and highly rewarding in efficient decomposition of bromate and other inorganic oxyhalides.

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