Relationship between socio-demographic, clinical factors, and quality of life in adults living with diabetic nephropathy

Melba Sheila D'Souza*, Leodoro Jabien Labrague, Subrahmanya Nairy Karkada, Pramod Kamble

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The study determines the relationship between the socio-demographic, clinical factors and quality of life among adults with diabetic nephropathy and undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study conducted among adults diagnosed with diabetic nephropathy receiving hemodialysis in a dialysis unit. The kidney specific quality of life and the general quality of life (KDQOL-SF) was used to collect data between January 2015 to July 2016. A hundred and forty participants completed the survey from the selected sample of 185 adults. Results: Adults with complex comorbidities, stage 3, 4 and 5 chronic kidney disease, higher body mass index, and uncontrolled glycemic control were significantly associated with lower quality of life, physical and mental component summary scores. Conclusions: Poor physical functioning, role-physical, body pain, role-emotional, emotional well-being, general health, mental health scores significantly affected the quality of life in high-risk adults with diabetic nephropathy. The study demonstrated the significance of patient reported outcomes for adults with diabetic nephropathy and planning healthy lifestyle changes to improve the quality of life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-349
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Epidemiology and Global Health
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Mental health
  • Physical health
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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