Reconfiguration of impulse-voltage generator for conducting standard lightning tests

A comparative investigation

M. El-Adawy Khalil, I. A. Metwally

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose - Loading the impulse-voltage generator by test object can affect the generated voltage waveform. It is well known that reconfiguring these generators by changing the high-voltage resistors and capacitors, and even the connecting leads in the laboratory is too bulky and time consuming, especially for large test objects. The objective of this paper is to introduce a new computerized method to reconfigure the impulse-voltage generator in order to conduct the standard tests on any type of objects. Design/methodology/approach - A modified algorithm is introduced for solving the generalized equivalent circuit of impulse-voltage generators under any loading condition. Findings - The high efficiency of this algorithm has been verified by experimental investigations on different reduced- and full-scale loads, namely, resistive, inductive, capacitive or mixed. For reduced-scale loads up to a few kV, a single-stage impulse-voltage generator is used. While for full-scale loads, a multi-stage impulse-voltage generator is reconfigured to test a 33 kV neutral earthing reactor. The experimental responses are compared with the numerical results of the proposed program and checked out by the PSCAD simulation. Good agreement has been found between all of them. Practical implications - Knowing the exact value of the test object, some of the generator components and the connecting lead inductances is a must to apply this method. Originality/value - Reconfiguring of impulse-voltage generators by changing the high-voltage resistors and capacitors, and even the connecting leads in the laboratory is too bulky and time consuming, especially for large test objects. This work will certainly save time and efforts if it is applied correctly in high-voltage laboratories.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)520-533
Number of pages14
JournalCOMPEL - The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Fingerprint

Lightning
Reconfiguration
Impulse
Voltage
Generator
Electric potential
Capacitor
Resistors
Capacitors
Standards
Equivalent Circuit
Inductance
Electric grounding
Experimental Investigation
Equivalent circuits
Waveform
Reactor
Design Methodology
High Efficiency
Lead

Keywords

  • Electric generators
  • Impulse voltage
  • Loading

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this

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abstract = "Purpose - Loading the impulse-voltage generator by test object can affect the generated voltage waveform. It is well known that reconfiguring these generators by changing the high-voltage resistors and capacitors, and even the connecting leads in the laboratory is too bulky and time consuming, especially for large test objects. The objective of this paper is to introduce a new computerized method to reconfigure the impulse-voltage generator in order to conduct the standard tests on any type of objects. Design/methodology/approach - A modified algorithm is introduced for solving the generalized equivalent circuit of impulse-voltage generators under any loading condition. Findings - The high efficiency of this algorithm has been verified by experimental investigations on different reduced- and full-scale loads, namely, resistive, inductive, capacitive or mixed. For reduced-scale loads up to a few kV, a single-stage impulse-voltage generator is used. While for full-scale loads, a multi-stage impulse-voltage generator is reconfigured to test a 33 kV neutral earthing reactor. The experimental responses are compared with the numerical results of the proposed program and checked out by the PSCAD simulation. Good agreement has been found between all of them. Practical implications - Knowing the exact value of the test object, some of the generator components and the connecting lead inductances is a must to apply this method. Originality/value - Reconfiguring of impulse-voltage generators by changing the high-voltage resistors and capacitors, and even the connecting leads in the laboratory is too bulky and time consuming, especially for large test objects. This work will certainly save time and efforts if it is applied correctly in high-voltage laboratories.",
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