Recent Advancements and Development in Nano-Enabled Agriculture for Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants

Natasha Manzoor, Liaqat Ali, Temoor Ahmed, Muhammad Noman, Muhammad Adrees, Muhammad Shafiq Shahid, Solabomi Olaitan Ogunyemi, Khlode S.A. Radwan, Gang Wang*, Haitham E.M. Zaki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Abiotic stresses, such as heavy metals (HMs), drought, salinity and water logging, are the foremost limiting factors that adversely affect the plant growth and crop productivity worldwide. The plants respond to such stresses by activating a series of intricate mechanisms that subsequently alter the morpho-physiological and biochemical processes. Over the past few decades, abiotic stresses in plants have been managed through marker-assisted breeding, conventional breeding, and genetic engineering approaches. With technological advancement, efficient strategies are required to cope with the harmful effects of abiotic environmental constraints to develop sustainable agriculture systems of crop production. Recently, nanotechnology has emerged as an attractive area of study with potential applications in the agricultural science, including mitigating the impacts of climate change, increasing nutrient utilization efficiency and abiotic stress management. Nanoparticles (NPs), as nanofertilizers, have gained significant attention due to their high surface area to volume ratio, eco-friendly nature, low cost, unique physicochemical properties, and improved plant productivity. Several studies have revealed the potential role of NPs in abiotic stress management. This review aims to emphasize the role of NPs in managing abiotic stresses and growth promotion to develop a cost-effective and environment friendly strategy for the future agricultural sustainability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number951752
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 11 2022

Keywords

  • abiotic stresses
  • drought
  • heavy metals
  • nanofertilizers
  • salinity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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