Sera of patients infected with Schistosoma japonicum, S. mansoni or S. haematobium were tested in an indirect haemagglutination assay (IHA) using soluble S. japonicum egg antigen (SjSEA) and soluble S. mansoni adult antigen prepared either from a Puerto Rican strain (SmAWA) or an Egyptian strain (SmBW; Cellognost(®)-Schistosomiasis Kit). Reactions were best, in terms of titres and sensitivity, in homologous systems. Heterologous systems were less reliable, particularly those using sera from urinary schistosomiasis patients. It is suggested that IHA is a suitable test to detect Schistosoma infections, especially when homologous systems are used.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases