Public awareness of warning signs and symptoms of cancer in Oman: A community-based survey of adults

Mohammed Al-Azri*, Ibtisam Al-Hamedi, Huda Al-Awisi, Mustafa Al-Hinai, Robin Davidson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The majority of deaths from cancer occur in low and middle income countries, partly due to poor public awareness of the signs and symptoms of cancer. Materials and Methods: A community based survey using the Cancer Awareness Measure (CAM) questionnaire was conducted in three different communities in Oman. Omani adults aged 18 years and above were invited to participate in the study. Results: A total of 345 responded from 450 invited participants (response rate=76.7%). The majority of respondents were unable to identify the common signs and symptoms of cancer identified in the CAM (average awareness was 40.6%). The most emotional barrier to seeking help was worry about what the doctor might find (223, 64.6%); a practical barrier was too busy to make an appointment (259, 75.1%) and a service barrier was difficulty talking to the doctor (159, 46.1%). The majority of respondents (more than 60% for seven out of ten symptoms) would seek medical help in two weeks for most signs or symptoms of cancer. Females were significantly more likely than males to be embarrassed (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2731-2737
Number of pages7
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Awareness
  • Cancer signs
  • Cancer symptoms
  • Oman
  • Public
  • Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology


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