Production of microporous palm shell based activated carbon for methane adsorption: Modeling and optimization using response surface methodology

Arash Arami-Niya, Wan Mohd Ashri Wan Daud, Farouq S. Mjalli, Faisal Abnisa, Mohammad Saleh Shafeeyan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the optimization of the palm shell based activated carbon production using combination of chemical and physical activation for methane adsorption is investigated. response surface methodology (RSM) in combination with central composite design (CCD) was used to optimize the operating parameters of the production process. Physical activation temperature, chemical impregnation ratio and physical activation time were chosen as the main process variables and the amount of methane adsorption was selected as the investigated response. Phosphoric acid and carbon dioxide were used as chemical and physical agents, respectively. The optimum reaction conditions were found to be a physical activation temperature of 855°C, H 3PO 4 impregnation ratio of 9.42g of phosphorous per gram palm shell and physical activation time of 135min. The results exhibited significant increase in methane adsorption after physio-chemical activation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)776-784
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Research and Design
Volume90
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

Fingerprint

Methane
Activated carbon
Chemical activation
Adsorption
Impregnation
Phosphoric acid
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon dioxide
Temperature
Composite materials

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Activation
  • Methane adsorption
  • Palm shell
  • Response surface methodology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Production of microporous palm shell based activated carbon for methane adsorption : Modeling and optimization using response surface methodology. / Arami-Niya, Arash; Wan Daud, Wan Mohd Ashri; S. Mjalli, Farouq; Abnisa, Faisal; Shafeeyan, Mohammad Saleh.

In: Chemical Engineering Research and Design, Vol. 90, No. 6, 06.2012, p. 776-784.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2090412d68d244d0acbdbf568f8beb23,
title = "Production of microporous palm shell based activated carbon for methane adsorption: Modeling and optimization using response surface methodology",
abstract = "In this study, the optimization of the palm shell based activated carbon production using combination of chemical and physical activation for methane adsorption is investigated. response surface methodology (RSM) in combination with central composite design (CCD) was used to optimize the operating parameters of the production process. Physical activation temperature, chemical impregnation ratio and physical activation time were chosen as the main process variables and the amount of methane adsorption was selected as the investigated response. Phosphoric acid and carbon dioxide were used as chemical and physical agents, respectively. The optimum reaction conditions were found to be a physical activation temperature of 855°C, H 3PO 4 impregnation ratio of 9.42g of phosphorous per gram palm shell and physical activation time of 135min. The results exhibited significant increase in methane adsorption after physio-chemical activation.",
keywords = "Activated carbon, Activation, Methane adsorption, Palm shell, Response surface methodology",
author = "Arash Arami-Niya and {Wan Daud}, {Wan Mohd Ashri} and {S. Mjalli}, Farouq and Faisal Abnisa and Shafeeyan, {Mohammad Saleh}",
year = "2012",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1016/j.cherd.2011.10.001",
language = "English",
volume = "90",
pages = "776--784",
journal = "Chemical Engineering Research and Design",
issn = "0263-8762",
publisher = "Institution of Chemical Engineers",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Production of microporous palm shell based activated carbon for methane adsorption

T2 - Modeling and optimization using response surface methodology

AU - Arami-Niya, Arash

AU - Wan Daud, Wan Mohd Ashri

AU - S. Mjalli, Farouq

AU - Abnisa, Faisal

AU - Shafeeyan, Mohammad Saleh

PY - 2012/6

Y1 - 2012/6

N2 - In this study, the optimization of the palm shell based activated carbon production using combination of chemical and physical activation for methane adsorption is investigated. response surface methodology (RSM) in combination with central composite design (CCD) was used to optimize the operating parameters of the production process. Physical activation temperature, chemical impregnation ratio and physical activation time were chosen as the main process variables and the amount of methane adsorption was selected as the investigated response. Phosphoric acid and carbon dioxide were used as chemical and physical agents, respectively. The optimum reaction conditions were found to be a physical activation temperature of 855°C, H 3PO 4 impregnation ratio of 9.42g of phosphorous per gram palm shell and physical activation time of 135min. The results exhibited significant increase in methane adsorption after physio-chemical activation.

AB - In this study, the optimization of the palm shell based activated carbon production using combination of chemical and physical activation for methane adsorption is investigated. response surface methodology (RSM) in combination with central composite design (CCD) was used to optimize the operating parameters of the production process. Physical activation temperature, chemical impregnation ratio and physical activation time were chosen as the main process variables and the amount of methane adsorption was selected as the investigated response. Phosphoric acid and carbon dioxide were used as chemical and physical agents, respectively. The optimum reaction conditions were found to be a physical activation temperature of 855°C, H 3PO 4 impregnation ratio of 9.42g of phosphorous per gram palm shell and physical activation time of 135min. The results exhibited significant increase in methane adsorption after physio-chemical activation.

KW - Activated carbon

KW - Activation

KW - Methane adsorption

KW - Palm shell

KW - Response surface methodology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84861966989&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84861966989&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.cherd.2011.10.001

DO - 10.1016/j.cherd.2011.10.001

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84861966989

VL - 90

SP - 776

EP - 784

JO - Chemical Engineering Research and Design

JF - Chemical Engineering Research and Design

SN - 0263-8762

IS - 6

ER -