Problem-solving orientation and attributional style as predictors of depressive symptoms in Egyptian adolescents with visual impairment

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The association between attributional style (AS), problem-solving orientation (PSO), and gender on depressive symptoms was investigated in Egyptian adolescents with visual impairment (VI). After being written in Braille, measures of AS, PSO, and depression were administered to 110 adolescents with VI, ages 12-17 years, from a residential school for pupils with VI. Regression analyses showed that gender, negative general (NG) attributions, and negative problem-solving orientation (NPSO) were the strongest predictors of depressive symptoms in adolescents with VI, whereas negative internal (NI) attributions and avoidant problem-solving orientation (APSO) were weak predictors. The findings are discussed in relation to different perspectives and models of depression, particularly the stress-diathesis model. The theory that these cognitive variables are core constituents of a cognitive diathesis model of depression in individuals with VI is not supported by this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-163
Number of pages14
JournalBritish Journal of Visual Impairment
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Vision Disorders
Depression
Disease Susceptibility
Pupil
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Attributional style
  • Depression
  • Problem solving
  • Visual impairment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

@article{bbdfdb6b3df042e7845fbc9f0c1b7140,
title = "Problem-solving orientation and attributional style as predictors of depressive symptoms in Egyptian adolescents with visual impairment",
abstract = "The association between attributional style (AS), problem-solving orientation (PSO), and gender on depressive symptoms was investigated in Egyptian adolescents with visual impairment (VI). After being written in Braille, measures of AS, PSO, and depression were administered to 110 adolescents with VI, ages 12-17 years, from a residential school for pupils with VI. Regression analyses showed that gender, negative general (NG) attributions, and negative problem-solving orientation (NPSO) were the strongest predictors of depressive symptoms in adolescents with VI, whereas negative internal (NI) attributions and avoidant problem-solving orientation (APSO) were weak predictors. The findings are discussed in relation to different perspectives and models of depression, particularly the stress-diathesis model. The theory that these cognitive variables are core constituents of a cognitive diathesis model of depression in individuals with VI is not supported by this study.",
keywords = "Attributional style, Depression, Problem solving, Visual impairment",
author = "Emam, {Mahmoud M.}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1177/0264619613486377",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "150--163",
journal = "British Journal of Visual Impairment",
issn = "0264-6196",
publisher = "Association for the Education and Welfare of the Visually Handicapped",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Problem-solving orientation and attributional style as predictors of depressive symptoms in Egyptian adolescents with visual impairment

AU - Emam, Mahmoud M.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The association between attributional style (AS), problem-solving orientation (PSO), and gender on depressive symptoms was investigated in Egyptian adolescents with visual impairment (VI). After being written in Braille, measures of AS, PSO, and depression were administered to 110 adolescents with VI, ages 12-17 years, from a residential school for pupils with VI. Regression analyses showed that gender, negative general (NG) attributions, and negative problem-solving orientation (NPSO) were the strongest predictors of depressive symptoms in adolescents with VI, whereas negative internal (NI) attributions and avoidant problem-solving orientation (APSO) were weak predictors. The findings are discussed in relation to different perspectives and models of depression, particularly the stress-diathesis model. The theory that these cognitive variables are core constituents of a cognitive diathesis model of depression in individuals with VI is not supported by this study.

AB - The association between attributional style (AS), problem-solving orientation (PSO), and gender on depressive symptoms was investigated in Egyptian adolescents with visual impairment (VI). After being written in Braille, measures of AS, PSO, and depression were administered to 110 adolescents with VI, ages 12-17 years, from a residential school for pupils with VI. Regression analyses showed that gender, negative general (NG) attributions, and negative problem-solving orientation (NPSO) were the strongest predictors of depressive symptoms in adolescents with VI, whereas negative internal (NI) attributions and avoidant problem-solving orientation (APSO) were weak predictors. The findings are discussed in relation to different perspectives and models of depression, particularly the stress-diathesis model. The theory that these cognitive variables are core constituents of a cognitive diathesis model of depression in individuals with VI is not supported by this study.

KW - Attributional style

KW - Depression

KW - Problem solving

KW - Visual impairment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84890134183&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84890134183&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0264619613486377

DO - 10.1177/0264619613486377

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84890134183

VL - 31

SP - 150

EP - 163

JO - British Journal of Visual Impairment

JF - British Journal of Visual Impairment

SN - 0264-6196

IS - 2

ER -