Prevalence pattern of risk factors for coronary artery disease among patients presenting for coronary artery bypass grafting in Oman

Rajeeva Rivikath Pieris, Hilal Ali Al-Sabti, Qasim Saleh Abdullah Al-Abri, Syed Gauhar Alam Rizvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To identify the pattern of prevalence of risk factors in patients presenting for coronary artery bypass grafting at a single center in Oman. Methods: All patients who had coronary artery bypass grafting between March 2008 to March 2010 were included and data were obtained from history and laboratory investigations. The prevalence rates of eight conventional risk factors are presented as a retrospective single center observational study. Results: Out of 146 total patients, 107 (73.29%) were male. The age ranged from 31 to 87 years old. The mean age was 58.18 ± 10.08 years (males = 56.81 ± 10.42, females = 61.95 ± 7.97). Hypertension was present in 119 patients (81.51%), 115 patients (78.77%) had dyslipidemia, 107 patients (73.29%) were male, 79 patients (54.11%) had diabetes mellitus, 70 patients (47.95%) were over the age of 60 years, 41 patients (28.08%) gave a history of smoking, 31 patients (21.23%) were obese, and 19 patients (13.01%) gave a positive family history. Conclusions: The most common risk factor was hypertension, followed by dyslipidemia, male gender, diabetes mellitus, old age, smoking, obesity and positive family history; 87.7% had three or more risk factors. The females in this study were older than the males and had more risk factors at presentation. The most common combination of factors seen together was diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia and male gender.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-207
Number of pages5
JournalOman Medical Journal
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Epidemiology
  • Oman
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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