Prevalence of prehypertension and associated cardiovascular risk profiles among prediabetic Omani adults

Shyam Sundar Ganguly, Mohammed Ali Al-Shafaee, Kamlesh Bhargava, Kalyan Kanti Duttagupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. The importance of prediabetes and prehypertension has been demonstrated in several studies especially for primary prevention of CVD. A recent community based cross-sectional study revealed that 40.9 percent Omani adults are prediabetics. This study was undertaken to estimate the prevalence of prehypertension and associated cardiovascular risk profiles in prediabetics. To best of our knowledge, this is the first report on this subject. Methods. The study included 327 confirmed pre-diabetic Omani adults, who were analysed for their demographic, metabolic and behavioral characteristics. These characteristics were compared between the three different blood pressure groups to determine the CVD risk factors. Univariate and step-wise multiple logistic regression methods were used to carry out the analysis of the data. Results. In this study, the prevalence of prehypertension was 54.1 percent. Males were at higher risk of developing prehypertension as compared to females (OR = 2.30, 95% CI: 1.21, 4.38; P <0.01). The individuals with higher BMI have two fold more risk of developing prehypertension (OR = 2.25, 95% CI: 1.26, 4.02; P <0.01). The increased level of OGT enhanced the risk of developing prehypertension (OR = 1.26, 95% CI: 1.06, 1.50; P <0.01). Conclusion. A high prevalence of prehypertension (54.1%) exists in this study population. The major determinants of prehypertension in these prediabetic subjects were male gender, increasing dysglycemia and BMI. Appropriate intervention strategies have been suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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Prehypertension
Prediabetic State
Primary Prevention
Blood Group Antigens
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Demography
Blood Pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Prevalence of prehypertension and associated cardiovascular risk profiles among prediabetic Omani adults. / Ganguly, Shyam Sundar; Al-Shafaee, Mohammed Ali; Bhargava, Kamlesh; Duttagupta, Kalyan Kanti.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 8, 108, 2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ganguly, Shyam Sundar ; Al-Shafaee, Mohammed Ali ; Bhargava, Kamlesh ; Duttagupta, Kalyan Kanti. / Prevalence of prehypertension and associated cardiovascular risk profiles among prediabetic Omani adults. In: BMC Public Health. 2008 ; Vol. 8.
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