Prevalence of depression among Oman medical specialty board (OMSB) residents

Fakhriya Al-Houqani*, Ameena Al-Mukhaini, Rahma Al-Kindi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: We sought to estimate the prevalence of depression among Oman Medical Specialty Board (OMSB) residents and determine the relationship between depression and sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey from January to March 2017. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to all residents enrolled under different OMSB training programs. Information was obtained on the sociodemographic characteristics. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) was used to screen for depressive symptoms. Results: A total of 399 residents (158 males and 241 females) participated in the study. Overall, 115 residents had a PHQ-9 score of 5 or more, giving a prevalence of depression of 28.8%. Of those who were depressed, 85 (73.9%) had mild depression, 20 (17.4%) had moderate depression, and 10 (8.7%) had severe depression. There was a significant association between depression and participants’ gender (p = 0.030), level of residency (p = 0.006), sleep duration (p = 0.001), and exercise (p = 0.019). There was no significant association between depression with the other demographic characteristics such as marital status (p = 0.489), specialty (p = 0.370), smoking (p = 0.953), or drug use (p = 0.060). Conclusions: Depression is a common issue among medical residents. Health education on the harmful effects of depression needs to be addressed. Further research on the consequences of depression and its effects on quality of life and academic performance is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere116
JournalOman Medical Journal
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depression
  • Internship and Residency
  • Oman
  • Patient Health Questionnaire
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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