Prevalence, characteristics, and in-hospital outcomes of metabolic syndrome among acute coronary syndrome patients from Oman

Khalid Al-Rasadi*, Kadhim Sulaiman, Prashanth Panduranga, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We evaluated in-hospital outcomes of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Oman. We analyzed the records of 1392 patients admitted with a diagnosis of ACS as part of the Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events. The prevalence of MetS among patients with ACS was 66%, with female preponderance (80% vs 57%; P <.001). MetS was associated with several characteristics including diabetes (45% vs 19%; P <.001), hyperlipidemia (40% vs 23%; P <.001), hypertension (62% vs 34%; P <.001), renal impairment (9.3% vs 3.4%; P <.001), Killip score > II (13% vs 8%; P =.004), and non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (78% vs 68%; P <.001). After multivariate adjustment, MetS was associated with higher risk of in-hospital heart failure (odds ratio [OR], 1.37; 95% CI: 1.03-1.81; P =.028) and mortality (OR, 4.42; 95% CI: 1.25-15.5; P =.020). Prevalence of MetS among patients with ACS in Oman is high. MetS was associated with higher in-hospital heart failure and mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-389
Number of pages9
JournalAngiology
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HDL-C
  • Oman
  • acute coronary syndrome
  • diabetes mellitus
  • heart failure
  • hypertension
  • in-hospital mortality
  • metabolic syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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