Prevalence and determinants of burnout Syndrome and Depression among medical students at Sultan Qaboos University: A cross-sectional analytical study from Oman

Mohammed Al-Alawi, Hamed Al-Sinawi, Ali Al-Qubtan, Jaber Al-Lawati, Assad Al-Habsi, Mohammed Al-Shuraiqi, Samir Al-Adawi, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated the prevalence and determinants of Burnout Syndrome and Depressive Symptoms among medical students in Oman. Then, it explored whether the three-dimensional aspects of Burnout Syndrome (High Emotional Exhaustion, High Cynicism and Low Academic Efficacy) would predict the presence of Depressive Symptoms in a logistic regression model. A cross-sectional study was conducted among a random sample of medical students of Sultan Qaboos University. 662 students participated in the study with a response rate of 98%. The prevalence of Burnout Syndrome and Depressive Symptoms were; 7.4% and 24.5% respectively. Preclinical students reported high levels of both Burnout Syndrome (Odds Ratio–OR 2.83, 95% Confidence Interval CI 1.45–5.54) and Depressive Symptoms (OR 2. 72, 95% CI 1.07–6.89). The three-dimensional aspects of Burnout Syndrome(High Emotional Exhaustion, High Cynicism, low Professional efficacy) were statistically significant predictors of the presence of Depressive Symptoms; OR 3.52 (95% CI: 2.21–5.60), OR 3.33 (95% CI:2.10–5.28) and OR 2.07(95%CI:1.32–3.24) respectively. This study indicates that Burnout Syndrome and Depressive Symptoms are common among medical students, particularly in preclinical grade. Furthermore, the presence of high occupational burnout elevates the risk of depression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Environmental and Occupational Health
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Nov 30 2017



  • Burnout syndrome
  • depressive symptoms
  • Maslach Burnout Inventory
  • medical students
  • Oman
  • Patient Healthcare Questionnaire (PHQ-9)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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