Prevalence and assessment of role of SEN virus in acute and chronic hepatitis in India.

Meher Rizvi*, Shafquat Jahan, Mohd Azam, M. R. Ajmal, Indu Shukla, Abida Malik, Asfia Sultan

*Corresponding author for this work

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

SEN virus (SENV), is a recently discovered single-stranded DNA virus of Annelloviridae family and is believed may play a role in non A-E hepatitis. We conducted this study to identify the prevalence and clinical association of SENV with acute and chronic hepatitis. 135 liver disease patients were studied. Extent of liver damage was assessed using the Model for End Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score. A-E viruses and HIV were detected by enzyme immunoassay. Nested PCR was performed for detection of SENV and its genotypes D and H. 34 cases (25.18%) were positive for SEN virus DNA, a statistically significant finding (p < 0.01) of which 22 (64%) had acute viral hepatitis, 4 (11.76%) had chronic viral hepatitis, 3 (8.82%) fulminant hepatic failure and 5 (14.70%) cirrhosis. Mean AST was 47.85 IU/L, ALT 51.2 IU/L and INR 1.73, mean MELD score was 18.38 (11 to 24). 17.64% had severely deranged MELD score. SENV-D genotype was detected in 13 (38%) and SENV-H in 19 (58%) cases. SENV-H occurred in both acute (53%) and chronic hepatitis (47%). SENV-D was strongly associated with acute hepatitis (85%). Cirrhotic and FHF cases were SENV-H positive. 12 (44.11%) were co-infected with HBV, 5 (14.7%) with TTV, 4(11.76%) with HEV, 2 (5.88%) with HCV and 5 (14.4%) with HIV. Significant prevalence of SENV in hepatitis patients was observed. On the basis of clinical findings and abnormal liver function tests, we conclude that SENV appears to be not only hepatotropic but also capable of liver damage. Higher prevalence of SENV-H in cirrhotics may point to its possible role in the development of cirrhosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-234
Number of pages8
JournalTropical gastroenterology : official journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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