Predictor-based control for an inverted pendulum subject to networked time delay

J. Ghommam*, F. Mnif

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The inverted pendulum is considered as a special class of underactuated mechanical systems with two degrees of freedom and a single control input. This mechanical configuration allows to transform the underactuated system into a nonlinear system that is referred to as the normal form, whose control design techniques for stabilization are well known. In the presence of time delays, these control techniques may result in inadequate behavior and may even cause finite escape time in the controlled system. In this paper, a constructive method is presented to design a controller for an inverted pendulum characterized by a time-delayed balance control. First, the partial feedback linearization control for the inverted pendulum is modified and coupled with a state predictor to compensate for the delay. Several coordinate transformations are processed to transform the estimated partial linearized system into an upper-triangular form. Second, nested saturation and backstepping techniques are combined to derive the control law of the transformed system that would complete the design of the whole control input. The effectiveness of the proposed technique is illustrated by numerical simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-316
Number of pages11
JournalISA Transactions
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017


  • Backstepping
  • Cart-pole system
  • Cascade normal form
  • Nested-saturations
  • Predictor-based control
  • Time delay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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