Mothers with infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) are at a higher risk of postpartum depression (PPD). Risk factors of PPD include environmental factors, psychological factors and biological factors. In this review, the aim was to identify the prevalence of PPD and its associated risk factors among mothers with infants in NICU. The relationship between dietary intake in relation to traditional postpartum practices with PPD is also discussed. Findings showed that PPD among mothers with infants in NICU was prevalent, ranging between 12.1% and 68%. Factors such as preterm birth, long hospitalisation and maternal role alteration were the most associated risk factors contributing to PPD. Consumption of food based on traditional practices was found to influence maternal mental health. Therefore, a rational approach in addressing mental health issues and adhering traditional food practices is needed in order to promote a postpartum mother's safe and healthy well-being.
- Dietary intake
- Neonatal intensive care unit
- Postpartum depression
- Traditional postpartum practices
ASJC Scopus subject areas