Possible contribution of acetylamrinone and its enhancing effects on platelet aggregation under shear stress conditions in the onset of thrombocytopenia in patients treated with amrinone

Athar Sadiq, Noriko Tamura, Minako Yoshida, Yasunari Hoshiba, Asako Kumagai, Teruhisa Tanabe, Shunnosuke Handa, Yasuo Ikeda, Shinya Goto*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Thrombocytopenia is recognized as one of the most common complications when the patients with severe heart failure are treated with cardiotropic phosphodiesterase (PDE)-3 inhibitors. To understand the mechanism of the onset of this complication, we focused on the effects of various PDE-3 inhibitors and its stable metabolite of acetylamrinone on platelet aggregation occurring under physiological shear stress conditions. Method: Blood specimens were obtained from eight apparently healthy adult donors. Platelet-rich plasma was separated after anticoagulation by citrate. The effects of PDE-3 inhibitors of amrinone and olprinone, as well as the stable metabolite of the former of acetylamrinone, on platelet aggregation induced by its exposure to a shear rate of 1200 and 10,800 s-1 were determined by optically modified cone-plate viscometer. Results: Both olprinone and amrinone inhibited platelet aggregation at 10,800 s-1 in a dose-dependent manner with the IC 50 value of 14±1 and 61±8 μM (mean±S.D.), respectively, while amrinone significantly inhibited platelet aggregation at 1200 s-1 only at highest concentration tested (100 μM). Contrary to the effects shown with PDE-3 inhibitors, acetylamrinone did not inhibit platelet aggregation at all. Moreover, it even enhanced the aggregation at 1200 s-1 when used with 5 μM. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate possible contribution of the enhancing effects of acetylamrinone on platelet aggregation occurring under blood flow conditions, which reduced the platelet count when occurring in real circulation, to the higher incidence of thrombocytopenia in patients treated with amrinone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-361
Number of pages5
JournalThrombosis Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Phoshodiesterase inhibitor
  • Platelet
  • Shear stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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