Porosity and the effect of structural changes on the mechanical glass transition temperature

Stefan Kasapis, Shyam S. Sablani, M. Shafiur Rahman, Insaf M. Al-Marhoobi, Issa S. Al-Amri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Continuing an investigation on the fundamentals and applications of a recently proposed concept, i.e., the mechanical or network glass transition temperature, we now report data on the macrostructural changes in dehydrated apple tissue in relation to apparent porosity. Care was taken to keep the moisture content of the matrix constant (≈81%) while the volume fraction of total pores ranged from 0.38 to 0.79. Reproducible mechanical profiles identified the first derivative of shear storage modulus as a function of temperature to be the appropriate indicator of the mechanical Tg at the conjunction of the William-Landel-Ferry/free volume theory and the modified Arrhenius equation. Information on the microstructural characteristics and morphology of porous apple preparations was also made available via modulated differential scanning calorimetry and scanning electron microscopy. The work reveals and discusses discrepancies in the Tg-porosity relationship obtained from calorimetry and mechanical analysis attributable to the different extent to which the two techniques respond to degrees of molecular mobility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2459-2466
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume55
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 21 2007

Fingerprint

glass transition temperature
Transition Temperature
Porosity
Malus
porosity
Glass
Mechanical Phenomena
apples
Calorimetry
storage modulus
Free volume
Differential Scanning Calorimetry
calorimetry
differential scanning calorimetry
Electron Scanning Microscopy
shears
Differential scanning calorimetry
Volume fraction
scanning electron microscopy
Moisture

Keywords

  • Dried apple tissue
  • Mechanical glass transition temperature
  • Porosity
  • Thermomechanical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Porosity and the effect of structural changes on the mechanical glass transition temperature. / Kasapis, Stefan; Sablani, Shyam S.; Rahman, M. Shafiur; Al-Marhoobi, Insaf M.; Al-Amri, Issa S.

In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 55, No. 6, 21.03.2007, p. 2459-2466.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kasapis, Stefan ; Sablani, Shyam S. ; Rahman, M. Shafiur ; Al-Marhoobi, Insaf M. ; Al-Amri, Issa S. / Porosity and the effect of structural changes on the mechanical glass transition temperature. In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2007 ; Vol. 55, No. 6. pp. 2459-2466.
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