Platelet adhesion in hypertension: Application of a novel assay of platelet adhesion

Sunil K. Nadar, Graham J. Caine, Andrew D. Blann, Gregory Y H Lip

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. The increased risk of thromboembolism in hypertension may be related to a prothrombotic or hypercoagulable state, with abnormalities in haemostasis and platelet function. Objective. To investigate the role of platelets in the pathogenesis of thrombosis in hypertension, we applied a novel new assay to detect and quantify the degree of platelet adhesion to a defined coagulation molecule. Patients and methods. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and citrated plasma (CP) were obtained from 50 patients with hypertension (25 treated, and 25 untreated) and 30 healthy controls. A suspension of 2 × 107 platelets were incubated for one hour in microtitre plates pre-coated with 5mg/mL fibrinogen. The supernatant was carefully aspirated, lysed with 5% tween and stored at -70°C as supernatant platelet lysate (SPL). The wells were carefully washed with saline and bound platelets lysed as before, and stored at -70°C as bound-platelet lysate (BPL). Soluble P-selectin (sP-sel) was determined in CP, SPL and BPL by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results. Patients with hypertension (both treated and previously untreated) had increased platelet adhesion, as determined by increased lysate sP-sel (P=0.002) in BPL, with no change in SPL (P=0.5) compared to healthy controls. There was no significant difference between treated and previously untreated hypertensives. Conclusion. Platelets from patients with hypertension display increased adhesion to an important coagulation factor (fibrinogen). This may, in part, account for the increased risk of thrombosis seen in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-60
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Medicine
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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Blood Platelets
Hypertension
P-Selectin
Fibrinogen
Thrombosis
Platelet-Rich Plasma
Blood Coagulation Factors
Polysorbates
Thromboembolism
Hemostasis
Suspensions
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

Keywords

  • Hypertension
  • P-selectin
  • Platelet activation
  • Platelet adhesion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Platelet adhesion in hypertension : Application of a novel assay of platelet adhesion. / Nadar, Sunil K.; Caine, Graham J.; Blann, Andrew D.; Lip, Gregory Y H.

In: Annals of Medicine, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2005, p. 55-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nadar, Sunil K. ; Caine, Graham J. ; Blann, Andrew D. ; Lip, Gregory Y H. / Platelet adhesion in hypertension : Application of a novel assay of platelet adhesion. In: Annals of Medicine. 2005 ; Vol. 37, No. 1. pp. 55-60.
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abstract = "Background. The increased risk of thromboembolism in hypertension may be related to a prothrombotic or hypercoagulable state, with abnormalities in haemostasis and platelet function. Objective. To investigate the role of platelets in the pathogenesis of thrombosis in hypertension, we applied a novel new assay to detect and quantify the degree of platelet adhesion to a defined coagulation molecule. Patients and methods. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and citrated plasma (CP) were obtained from 50 patients with hypertension (25 treated, and 25 untreated) and 30 healthy controls. A suspension of 2 × 107 platelets were incubated for one hour in microtitre plates pre-coated with 5mg/mL fibrinogen. The supernatant was carefully aspirated, lysed with 5{\%} tween and stored at -70°C as supernatant platelet lysate (SPL). The wells were carefully washed with saline and bound platelets lysed as before, and stored at -70°C as bound-platelet lysate (BPL). Soluble P-selectin (sP-sel) was determined in CP, SPL and BPL by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results. Patients with hypertension (both treated and previously untreated) had increased platelet adhesion, as determined by increased lysate sP-sel (P=0.002) in BPL, with no change in SPL (P=0.5) compared to healthy controls. There was no significant difference between treated and previously untreated hypertensives. Conclusion. Platelets from patients with hypertension display increased adhesion to an important coagulation factor (fibrinogen). This may, in part, account for the increased risk of thrombosis seen in these patients.",
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AB - Background. The increased risk of thromboembolism in hypertension may be related to a prothrombotic or hypercoagulable state, with abnormalities in haemostasis and platelet function. Objective. To investigate the role of platelets in the pathogenesis of thrombosis in hypertension, we applied a novel new assay to detect and quantify the degree of platelet adhesion to a defined coagulation molecule. Patients and methods. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and citrated plasma (CP) were obtained from 50 patients with hypertension (25 treated, and 25 untreated) and 30 healthy controls. A suspension of 2 × 107 platelets were incubated for one hour in microtitre plates pre-coated with 5mg/mL fibrinogen. The supernatant was carefully aspirated, lysed with 5% tween and stored at -70°C as supernatant platelet lysate (SPL). The wells were carefully washed with saline and bound platelets lysed as before, and stored at -70°C as bound-platelet lysate (BPL). Soluble P-selectin (sP-sel) was determined in CP, SPL and BPL by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results. Patients with hypertension (both treated and previously untreated) had increased platelet adhesion, as determined by increased lysate sP-sel (P=0.002) in BPL, with no change in SPL (P=0.5) compared to healthy controls. There was no significant difference between treated and previously untreated hypertensives. Conclusion. Platelets from patients with hypertension display increased adhesion to an important coagulation factor (fibrinogen). This may, in part, account for the increased risk of thrombosis seen in these patients.

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