Phoenix Dactylifera Kernel Oil Used As Potential Source for Synthesizing Jet Fuel and Green Diesel

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Abstract

Phoenix Dactylifera kernel is major agricultural waste produced in Oman. Current work was conducted to produce jet fuel and green diesel from hydrodeoxygenation of Phoenix dactylifera kernel oil in presence of Pd/C catalyst. The hydrodeoxygenation of Phoenix dactylifera kernel oil occurred to be highly efficient at following mild operating conditions such as temperature 300°C pressure 10bar with continuous stirring at 500rpm. Detailed product characterization revealed that large fraction of paraffinic hydrocarbons were found which accounts up to 91.1 % which attributed due to efficient hydrodeoxygenation. Based on the type of components in product oil, it was calculated that the maximum fraction of hydrocarbons formed lies within the range of green diesel 72.0 % then jet fuel 30.4% by using Pd/C catalysts. The density of product oil was 0.88 kg/m3 and viscosity of product calculated was 3.49 mm2/s. Calorific value for product obtained was 44.11 MJ/kg when Pd/C catalyst was used for hydrodeoxygenation. Based on product analysis it can concluded that Phoenix Dactylifera kernel oil can be successfully utilized for synthesizing green diesel and jet fuel fraction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-39
Number of pages5
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume118
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Jet fuel
Catalysts
Hydrocarbons
Calorific value
Agricultural wastes
Diesel fuels
Oils
Viscosity
Temperature

Keywords

  • Green diesel
  • Hydrodeoxygenation
  • Jet fuel
  • Phoenix Dactylifera kernael oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Phoenix Dactylifera Kernel Oil Used As Potential Source for Synthesizing Jet Fuel and Green Diesel",
abstract = "Phoenix Dactylifera kernel is major agricultural waste produced in Oman. Current work was conducted to produce jet fuel and green diesel from hydrodeoxygenation of Phoenix dactylifera kernel oil in presence of Pd/C catalyst. The hydrodeoxygenation of Phoenix dactylifera kernel oil occurred to be highly efficient at following mild operating conditions such as temperature 300°C pressure 10bar with continuous stirring at 500rpm. Detailed product characterization revealed that large fraction of paraffinic hydrocarbons were found which accounts up to 91.1 {\%} which attributed due to efficient hydrodeoxygenation. Based on the type of components in product oil, it was calculated that the maximum fraction of hydrocarbons formed lies within the range of green diesel 72.0 {\%} then jet fuel 30.4{\%} by using Pd/C catalysts. The density of product oil was 0.88 kg/m3 and viscosity of product calculated was 3.49 mm2/s. Calorific value for product obtained was 44.11 MJ/kg when Pd/C catalyst was used for hydrodeoxygenation. Based on product analysis it can concluded that Phoenix Dactylifera kernel oil can be successfully utilized for synthesizing green diesel and jet fuel fraction.",
keywords = "Green diesel, Hydrodeoxygenation, Jet fuel, Phoenix Dactylifera kernael oil",
author = "Farrukh Jamil and Al-Muhatseb, {Ala'A H.} and Lamya Al-Haj and Al-Hinai, {Mohab A.} and Mahad Baawain",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.egypro.2017.07.006",
language = "English",
volume = "118",
pages = "35--39",
journal = "Energy Procedia",
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T1 - Phoenix Dactylifera Kernel Oil Used As Potential Source for Synthesizing Jet Fuel and Green Diesel

AU - Jamil, Farrukh

AU - Al-Muhatseb, Ala'A H.

AU - Al-Haj, Lamya

AU - Al-Hinai, Mohab A.

AU - Baawain, Mahad

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Phoenix Dactylifera kernel is major agricultural waste produced in Oman. Current work was conducted to produce jet fuel and green diesel from hydrodeoxygenation of Phoenix dactylifera kernel oil in presence of Pd/C catalyst. The hydrodeoxygenation of Phoenix dactylifera kernel oil occurred to be highly efficient at following mild operating conditions such as temperature 300°C pressure 10bar with continuous stirring at 500rpm. Detailed product characterization revealed that large fraction of paraffinic hydrocarbons were found which accounts up to 91.1 % which attributed due to efficient hydrodeoxygenation. Based on the type of components in product oil, it was calculated that the maximum fraction of hydrocarbons formed lies within the range of green diesel 72.0 % then jet fuel 30.4% by using Pd/C catalysts. The density of product oil was 0.88 kg/m3 and viscosity of product calculated was 3.49 mm2/s. Calorific value for product obtained was 44.11 MJ/kg when Pd/C catalyst was used for hydrodeoxygenation. Based on product analysis it can concluded that Phoenix Dactylifera kernel oil can be successfully utilized for synthesizing green diesel and jet fuel fraction.

AB - Phoenix Dactylifera kernel is major agricultural waste produced in Oman. Current work was conducted to produce jet fuel and green diesel from hydrodeoxygenation of Phoenix dactylifera kernel oil in presence of Pd/C catalyst. The hydrodeoxygenation of Phoenix dactylifera kernel oil occurred to be highly efficient at following mild operating conditions such as temperature 300°C pressure 10bar with continuous stirring at 500rpm. Detailed product characterization revealed that large fraction of paraffinic hydrocarbons were found which accounts up to 91.1 % which attributed due to efficient hydrodeoxygenation. Based on the type of components in product oil, it was calculated that the maximum fraction of hydrocarbons formed lies within the range of green diesel 72.0 % then jet fuel 30.4% by using Pd/C catalysts. The density of product oil was 0.88 kg/m3 and viscosity of product calculated was 3.49 mm2/s. Calorific value for product obtained was 44.11 MJ/kg when Pd/C catalyst was used for hydrodeoxygenation. Based on product analysis it can concluded that Phoenix Dactylifera kernel oil can be successfully utilized for synthesizing green diesel and jet fuel fraction.

KW - Green diesel

KW - Hydrodeoxygenation

KW - Jet fuel

KW - Phoenix Dactylifera kernael oil

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