Phase change materials for autonomous energy storage in buildings

Saleh N.J. Al-Saadi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This research summarizes the findings from a simulation study that explores the potential of using phase change materials (PCMs) when integrated into envelope system of residential buildings. A typical residential building with PCM-embedded layer is analyzed using a whole-building simulation tool "TRNSYS" under two climates of Oman. Although not significant, the simulation study shows that PCM can reduce energy consumption of buildings. The PCM is found to autonomously store and release thermal energy under desirable environmental conditions. The set of simulation runs are found helpful to explore the potential of PCM and the results can be used by architects and engineers to carefully propose PCM in their energy-efficient building designs. It was concluded that the optimal melting temperature of PCM is 1°C above the cooling setpoint in hot-humid climate but found 2- 3°C above or below the setpoint in the warm tropical climate. A tight melting temperature range for PCM was favored. Overall, the PCM poorly performed (i.e., being less than 2% savings in annual cooling load) in a continuously operated dwelling due to the lack of passive means to discharge the absorbed heat. Future research is found crucial to better understand the dynamic thermal behavior of PCM under hot climates. In particular, it will be useful to explore its performance when coupled with natural ventilation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication14th International Conference of IBPSA - Building Simulation 2015, BS 2015, Conference Proceedings
PublisherInternational Building Performance Simulation Association
Pages1330-1337
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event14th Conference of International Building Performance Simulation Association, BS 2015 - Hyderabad, India
Duration: Dec 7 2015Dec 9 2015

Other

Other14th Conference of International Building Performance Simulation Association, BS 2015
CountryIndia
CityHyderabad
Period12/7/1512/9/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Architecture
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Building and Construction

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