Performance of supported Mg 0.15V 2O 5.152.4H 2O nanowires in dehydrogenation of propane

Baba Y. Jibril, A. Y. Atta, K. Melghit, Z. M. El-Hadi, Ala'a H. Al-Muhtaseb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Catalytic dehydrogenation of propane has recently received considerable attention because of the increasing demand for propane. In this present work, the catalytic performances of layered nanowires of Mg 0.15V 2O 5.152.4H 2O with equal weight of either Al 2O 3 or SiO 2 were investigated in propane dehydrogenation and compared with the bulk commercial V 2O 5, at atmospheric pressure and temperature range of 500-600°C. Both dehydrogenation and cracking reactions products were obtained; which suggested sites of different relativities. The catalysts exhibited propylene, ethylene, ethane and methane as primary products. The highest propylene yield of 17% was obtained in the presence of Al 2O 3. The nanowire samples exhibited higher selectivity to propylene than bulk samples at similar level of propane conversions. For the nanowire samples, the conversion increased (1-3%) while selectivity to propylene decreased (96-87%). At low propane conversions (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-395
Number of pages5
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume193-194
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 2012

Fingerprint

Propane
propane
Dehydrogenation
Nanowires
Propylene
Atmospheric temperature
Relativity
Ethane
Methane
ethane
Reaction products
atmospheric pressure
ethylene
Atmospheric pressure
Ethylene
air temperature
methane
catalyst
Catalysts
propylene

Keywords

  • Dehydrogenation
  • Nanowires
  • Propane
  • Propylene
  • VMgO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Performance of supported Mg 0.15V 2O 5.152.4H 2O nanowires in dehydrogenation of propane. / Jibril, Baba Y.; Atta, A. Y.; Melghit, K.; El-Hadi, Z. M.; Al-Muhtaseb, Ala'a H.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 193-194, 15.06.2012, p. 391-395.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jibril, Baba Y. ; Atta, A. Y. ; Melghit, K. ; El-Hadi, Z. M. ; Al-Muhtaseb, Ala'a H. / Performance of supported Mg 0.15V 2O 5.152.4H 2O nanowires in dehydrogenation of propane. In: Chemical Engineering Journal. 2012 ; Vol. 193-194. pp. 391-395.
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