Objectives: Temporal bone fractures are relatively common findings in patients with head trauma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of temporal bone fractures in the pediatric population. Study design: Retrospective case series. Tertiary care pediatric academic medical center. Methods: The medical records of patients aged 18 years or less diagnosed with a temporal bone fracture at the Montreal Children's Hospital from January 2000 to August 2014 were reviewed. Patient demographics, clinical presentation, mechanism of injury and complications were analyzed. Imaging studies and audiograms were also evaluated. Results: Out of 323 patients presenting to the emergency department with a skull fracture, 61 presented with a temporal bone fracture. Of these, 5 presented with bilateral fractures. 47 patients had associated fractures, and 3 patients deceased. We observed a male to female ratio of 2.8:1, and the average age was 9.5 years. Motor vehicle accidents were the primary mechanism of injury (53%), followed by falls (21%) and bicycle or skateboard accidents (10%). The most common presenting signs included hemotympanum, decreased or loss of consciousness, facial swelling and nausea and vomiting. 8 patients had otic involvement on computed tomography scans, and 30 patients had documented hearing loss near the time of accident with a majority being conductive hearing loss. 17 patients underwent surgical management of intracranial pressure. Conclusion: In children, fractures of the temporal bone were most often caused by motor vehicle accidents and falls. It is common for these patients to have associated fractures.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology|
|Publication status||Published - May 1 2016|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health