Passive environmental design of an eco-house in the hot-humid climate of the Middle East: A qualitative approach

Maatouk Khoukhi*, Awni K. Shaaban, Omar Al Khatib

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The increase of energy consumed by buildings in the Middle East is mainly due to the harsh weather that forces people to spend more time indoors. Moreover, the provision of a building’s indoor thermal comfort condition is achieved by an active cooling system. Further, designing buildings without taking into consideration proper design of the building form, orientation, and appropriate selection of the envelope materials can lead to a considerable increase of heat and energy use. Therefore, an appropriate approach to develop an architectural design incorporating passive environmental solutions related to the climate and the site is a must for achieving thermal comfort with less energy consumption. The Research Council of Oman has launched a competition to design, construct, and operate buildings that embrace sustainability principles. One of the eco-friendly buildings was investigated by the academic institution in Oman (Sultan Qaboos University). The objective of this eco-house project is to develop an innovative residential house that is aesthetically pleasing and functionally working, economic, technically feasible, energy-efficient, climatically appropriate, and socio-culturally acceptable. It is of utmost importance in prototype housing development to use appropriate materials which can be produced locally which would meet the climatic, technical, and aesthetic needs. This paper is intended to develop guidelines for assessing the constraints of a climate environment that supports and promotes a prototype of a sustainable house (i.e., eco-house) in the hot-humid climate of Oman.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1837410
JournalCogent Engineering
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • eco-house
  • guidelines
  • hot-humid climate
  • passive design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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