Paediatric tracheostomy: A modified technique and its outcomes, results from a South Indian tertiary care

Kamran Asif Syed, P. Naina, Apar Pokharel, Mary John, Ajoy Varghese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Study objectives: To review the key parameters related to the proposed modified pediatric tracheostomy technique with to determine the efficacy, safety and outcomes in a tertiary hospital in south India. Patients and Methods A retrospective chart review of all children aged below 16 years who underwent tracheostomy at a tertiary hospital in south India during the period of August 2014 to August 2016. Data on age, gender, indication for tracheostomy, primary disease condition, duration of intubation, complications and decannulation rate were recorded. Results: Fifty children aged below 16 years underwent tracheostomy between August 2014 and August 2016. The average of the children was 5.35 years. (Range14 days to 14 years). The male female ratio was 1.6:1. In our study prolonged intubation was the most common indication (62%). None of the children had early post-operative complications such as bleeding, pneumothorax, surgical emphysema or accidental decannulation. Peristomal granulations (24%) was the most common complication although none was severe to warrant operative intervention. One child had a lifethreatening tube block requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation. None of the children had accidental decannulation during the period of the study. Tracheocutaneous fistula was seen in 2 children (4%) and was the only long-term complication. These children required surgical decannulation. There was no clinical evidence of tracheal stenosis or tracheomalacia in any child. Conclusion: Pediatric tracheostomy is challenging for both the surgeon and the care-giver specially in the early post-operative period. Our proposed modified technique addresses these concerns and without any significant complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-10
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume118
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2019

Keywords

  • Modified technique
  • Outcomes
  • Paediatric airway
  • Paediatric tracheostomy
  • Surgical complications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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