Organizational Justice in Arab Countries: Investigation of the Measurement and Structural Invariance

Hesham F. Gadelrab, Othman Alkhadher, Said Al Dhafri, Saad Almoshawah, Yahya Khatatba, Fares Zine El Abiddine, Mohammed Alyetama, Said Elmsalak, Nabha Tarboush, Sarah Slimene

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Given the importance of comparing different groups in terms of perceptions of justice and justice effects, it is essential that the instrument used to measure perceptions behaves the same way across all groups. This study investigates the measurement invariance of the four-factor structure of organizational justice across nine Arab countries. Multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis is used with 2,914 employees working in the public sector to represent the variety of cultures among the Arab nations. We assess organizational justice using a measure developed by Alkhadher and Gadelrab primarily for Arab cultural perspectives of justice. This study shows that the four-dimensional model of justice is valid across the nine countries at the configural, metric, and scalar invariance. Fit indices showed sufficient to optimal fit, and difference test values were not significant across the set of the increasingly constrained confirmatory factor models. According to these results, we conclude that comparisons could be made safely on the justice latent variable level across the nine Arab groups. Moreover, justice dimension intercorrelations were found to be moderate to high and independent of cultural groups.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCross-Cultural Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Arab countries
Middle East
Social Justice
justice
Group
Invariance
Justice
Public Sector
Statistical Factor Analysis
Arab
factor analysis
public sector
employee

Keywords

  • Arab countries
  • measurement invariance
  • organizational justice
  • structural invariance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Gadelrab, H. F., Alkhadher, O., Al Dhafri, S., Almoshawah, S., Khatatba, Y., El Abiddine, F. Z., ... Slimene, S. (Accepted/In press). Organizational Justice in Arab Countries: Investigation of the Measurement and Structural Invariance. Cross-Cultural Research. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069397118815099

Organizational Justice in Arab Countries : Investigation of the Measurement and Structural Invariance. / Gadelrab, Hesham F.; Alkhadher, Othman; Al Dhafri, Said; Almoshawah, Saad; Khatatba, Yahya; El Abiddine, Fares Zine; Alyetama, Mohammed; Elmsalak, Said; Tarboush, Nabha; Slimene, Sarah.

In: Cross-Cultural Research, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gadelrab, HF, Alkhadher, O, Al Dhafri, S, Almoshawah, S, Khatatba, Y, El Abiddine, FZ, Alyetama, M, Elmsalak, S, Tarboush, N & Slimene, S 2018, 'Organizational Justice in Arab Countries: Investigation of the Measurement and Structural Invariance', Cross-Cultural Research. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069397118815099
Gadelrab, Hesham F. ; Alkhadher, Othman ; Al Dhafri, Said ; Almoshawah, Saad ; Khatatba, Yahya ; El Abiddine, Fares Zine ; Alyetama, Mohammed ; Elmsalak, Said ; Tarboush, Nabha ; Slimene, Sarah. / Organizational Justice in Arab Countries : Investigation of the Measurement and Structural Invariance. In: Cross-Cultural Research. 2018.
@article{2721f9c966fd4463aa09aa6fc2aca00b,
title = "Organizational Justice in Arab Countries: Investigation of the Measurement and Structural Invariance",
abstract = "Given the importance of comparing different groups in terms of perceptions of justice and justice effects, it is essential that the instrument used to measure perceptions behaves the same way across all groups. This study investigates the measurement invariance of the four-factor structure of organizational justice across nine Arab countries. Multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis is used with 2,914 employees working in the public sector to represent the variety of cultures among the Arab nations. We assess organizational justice using a measure developed by Alkhadher and Gadelrab primarily for Arab cultural perspectives of justice. This study shows that the four-dimensional model of justice is valid across the nine countries at the configural, metric, and scalar invariance. Fit indices showed sufficient to optimal fit, and difference test values were not significant across the set of the increasingly constrained confirmatory factor models. According to these results, we conclude that comparisons could be made safely on the justice latent variable level across the nine Arab groups. Moreover, justice dimension intercorrelations were found to be moderate to high and independent of cultural groups.",
keywords = "Arab countries, measurement invariance, organizational justice, structural invariance",
author = "Gadelrab, {Hesham F.} and Othman Alkhadher and {Al Dhafri}, Said and Saad Almoshawah and Yahya Khatatba and {El Abiddine}, {Fares Zine} and Mohammed Alyetama and Said Elmsalak and Nabha Tarboush and Sarah Slimene",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1069397118815099",
language = "English",
journal = "Cross-Cultural Research",
issn = "1069-3971",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Organizational Justice in Arab Countries

T2 - Investigation of the Measurement and Structural Invariance

AU - Gadelrab, Hesham F.

AU - Alkhadher, Othman

AU - Al Dhafri, Said

AU - Almoshawah, Saad

AU - Khatatba, Yahya

AU - El Abiddine, Fares Zine

AU - Alyetama, Mohammed

AU - Elmsalak, Said

AU - Tarboush, Nabha

AU - Slimene, Sarah

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Given the importance of comparing different groups in terms of perceptions of justice and justice effects, it is essential that the instrument used to measure perceptions behaves the same way across all groups. This study investigates the measurement invariance of the four-factor structure of organizational justice across nine Arab countries. Multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis is used with 2,914 employees working in the public sector to represent the variety of cultures among the Arab nations. We assess organizational justice using a measure developed by Alkhadher and Gadelrab primarily for Arab cultural perspectives of justice. This study shows that the four-dimensional model of justice is valid across the nine countries at the configural, metric, and scalar invariance. Fit indices showed sufficient to optimal fit, and difference test values were not significant across the set of the increasingly constrained confirmatory factor models. According to these results, we conclude that comparisons could be made safely on the justice latent variable level across the nine Arab groups. Moreover, justice dimension intercorrelations were found to be moderate to high and independent of cultural groups.

AB - Given the importance of comparing different groups in terms of perceptions of justice and justice effects, it is essential that the instrument used to measure perceptions behaves the same way across all groups. This study investigates the measurement invariance of the four-factor structure of organizational justice across nine Arab countries. Multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis is used with 2,914 employees working in the public sector to represent the variety of cultures among the Arab nations. We assess organizational justice using a measure developed by Alkhadher and Gadelrab primarily for Arab cultural perspectives of justice. This study shows that the four-dimensional model of justice is valid across the nine countries at the configural, metric, and scalar invariance. Fit indices showed sufficient to optimal fit, and difference test values were not significant across the set of the increasingly constrained confirmatory factor models. According to these results, we conclude that comparisons could be made safely on the justice latent variable level across the nine Arab groups. Moreover, justice dimension intercorrelations were found to be moderate to high and independent of cultural groups.

KW - Arab countries

KW - measurement invariance

KW - organizational justice

KW - structural invariance

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85058693374&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85058693374&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1069397118815099

DO - 10.1177/1069397118815099

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85058693374

JO - Cross-Cultural Research

JF - Cross-Cultural Research

SN - 1069-3971

ER -