Organic residues in iron age II pottery vessels from Jneneh, Jordan

Abdulraouf S. Mayyas, Khaled A. Douglas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper discusses the analysis and occurrence of organic residues in Iron Age II pottery sherds excavated at the site of Jneneh. Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry was used for separation and identification of organic constituents. Conventional solvent extraction and alkaline hydrolysis (saponification) were used for the extraction of residues preserved in their fabrics. Three sherds among six unwashed and unhandled sherds showed significant preservation of organic constituents derived from natural materials. The results provide data on the occurrence of beeswax that could have been intentionally added on the internal surface of a collared-rim jar for storing liquid substances or dry goods. Unintentional occurrence of beeswax as a result of storing honey including beeswax fragments of the honeycomb is also possible. In addition, biomarkers of plant oil were detected in a medium jug and a small jar that might have been used for daily needs, such as food preparation. The absence of significant organic constituents in the other three vessels could be attributed to the degradation overtime during burial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-44
Number of pages14
JournalMediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

overtime
Jordan
funeral
food
Iron Age
Pottery Vessels
Constituent
Organic Residues
Beeswax
Jar

Keywords

  • Ammonite pottery
  • Beeswax
  • Biomarker
  • Ceramic
  • Extraction
  • Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry
  • Iron age pottery
  • Jneneh
  • Lipid
  • Organic residue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

Cite this

Organic residues in iron age II pottery vessels from Jneneh, Jordan. / Mayyas, Abdulraouf S.; Douglas, Khaled A.

In: Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2015, p. 31-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{278fefd832964350b4bb6126c9fb9396,
title = "Organic residues in iron age II pottery vessels from Jneneh, Jordan",
abstract = "This paper discusses the analysis and occurrence of organic residues in Iron Age II pottery sherds excavated at the site of Jneneh. Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry was used for separation and identification of organic constituents. Conventional solvent extraction and alkaline hydrolysis (saponification) were used for the extraction of residues preserved in their fabrics. Three sherds among six unwashed and unhandled sherds showed significant preservation of organic constituents derived from natural materials. The results provide data on the occurrence of beeswax that could have been intentionally added on the internal surface of a collared-rim jar for storing liquid substances or dry goods. Unintentional occurrence of beeswax as a result of storing honey including beeswax fragments of the honeycomb is also possible. In addition, biomarkers of plant oil were detected in a medium jug and a small jar that might have been used for daily needs, such as food preparation. The absence of significant organic constituents in the other three vessels could be attributed to the degradation overtime during burial.",
keywords = "Ammonite pottery, Beeswax, Biomarker, Ceramic, Extraction, Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry, Iron age pottery, Jneneh, Lipid, Organic residue",
author = "Mayyas, {Abdulraouf S.} and Douglas, {Khaled A.}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.5281/zenodo.18356",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "31--44",
journal = "Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry",
issn = "1108-9628",
publisher = "University of the Aegean",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Organic residues in iron age II pottery vessels from Jneneh, Jordan

AU - Mayyas, Abdulraouf S.

AU - Douglas, Khaled A.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - This paper discusses the analysis and occurrence of organic residues in Iron Age II pottery sherds excavated at the site of Jneneh. Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry was used for separation and identification of organic constituents. Conventional solvent extraction and alkaline hydrolysis (saponification) were used for the extraction of residues preserved in their fabrics. Three sherds among six unwashed and unhandled sherds showed significant preservation of organic constituents derived from natural materials. The results provide data on the occurrence of beeswax that could have been intentionally added on the internal surface of a collared-rim jar for storing liquid substances or dry goods. Unintentional occurrence of beeswax as a result of storing honey including beeswax fragments of the honeycomb is also possible. In addition, biomarkers of plant oil were detected in a medium jug and a small jar that might have been used for daily needs, such as food preparation. The absence of significant organic constituents in the other three vessels could be attributed to the degradation overtime during burial.

AB - This paper discusses the analysis and occurrence of organic residues in Iron Age II pottery sherds excavated at the site of Jneneh. Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry was used for separation and identification of organic constituents. Conventional solvent extraction and alkaline hydrolysis (saponification) were used for the extraction of residues preserved in their fabrics. Three sherds among six unwashed and unhandled sherds showed significant preservation of organic constituents derived from natural materials. The results provide data on the occurrence of beeswax that could have been intentionally added on the internal surface of a collared-rim jar for storing liquid substances or dry goods. Unintentional occurrence of beeswax as a result of storing honey including beeswax fragments of the honeycomb is also possible. In addition, biomarkers of plant oil were detected in a medium jug and a small jar that might have been used for daily needs, such as food preparation. The absence of significant organic constituents in the other three vessels could be attributed to the degradation overtime during burial.

KW - Ammonite pottery

KW - Beeswax

KW - Biomarker

KW - Ceramic

KW - Extraction

KW - Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry

KW - Iron age pottery

KW - Jneneh

KW - Lipid

KW - Organic residue

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84949674410&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84949674410&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5281/zenodo.18356

DO - 10.5281/zenodo.18356

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 31

EP - 44

JO - Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry

JF - Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry

SN - 1108-9628

IS - 3

ER -