Optimized transesterification reaction for efficient biodiesel production using Indian oil sardine fish as feedstock

S. A. Anand Kumar, G. Sakthinathan*, R. Vignesh, J. Rajesh Banu, Ala'a H. Al-Muhtaseb

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This experiment focused on biodiesel production using Indian oil sardine fish as a new low-cost feedstock. Bligh and Dyer's method was followed for oil extraction from Indian oil sardine fishes. Biodiesel was produced by KOH catalyzed transesterification reaction with a reaction temperature of 150 °C. Optimization of the process parameters influencing the biodiesel production was performed using response surface methodology (RSM). Box-Behnken experimental design was used for the statistical analysis. The effect of methanol vol%, KOH wt% and reaction time over the reaction were studied. Chemical characterization of the biodiesel produced was carried out by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy (GCMS) analysis. Physicochemical properties of the biodiesel were characterized according to ASTM 6751 standard. The optimum process conditions for the biodiesel yield of 96.57% were found to be 20 vol% methanol, 1.25 wt% KOH and 25 min reaction time. The 150 °C reaction temperature used in this process enhances the transesterification reaction by reducing the reaction time from the normally observed 60–120 min to 25 min with a high yield of biodiesel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)921-929
Number of pages9
JournalFuel
Volume253
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Cost assessment
  • Optimization
  • Response surface methodology
  • Transesterification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

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