Optimization of a baffled-reactor microbial fuel cell using autotrophic denitrifying bio-cathode for removing nitrogen and recovering electrical energy

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Abstract

Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) gained emerging attention as an eco-friendly pathway for recovering electrical energy and treating wastewater. The electrochemical catalysis of cathodic reactions was one of the important issues for practical application of MFC technology. Here, it was disclosed the performance of a stake up-flow baffled-reactor MFC in which autotrophic denitrifying microorganisms catalyzed the cathodic reactions, reducing nitrate to nitrogen gas. The maximum power produced in this bio-electrochemical system (BES) was 15 ± 0.4 W m−3NCV (net cathode volume) at an optimum cathodic nitrate loading rate (CNLR) of 150 g NO3 −N m−3NCV d−1using acetate as electron donor. A maximum of 76.5 ± 0.5 A m−3NCV current and 97.7 ± 1.8% cathodic coulombic efficiency obtained at this CNLR. Autotrophic denitrification achieved on this bio-cathode was 148.3 ± 1.4 g N m−3NCV d−1utilizing biological anode. The efficiency of autotrophic denitrification and current generation of this BES was inhibited by the accumulation of denitrifying by-product, nitrite (NO2 ), at concentrations beyond 3.59 ± 0.8 mgNO2 −N L−1in the cathodic stream. The results demonstrated that this bio-cathode based baffled-reactor MFC had a good potential to eliminate abiotic cathodes and thus, made the system more economical and sustainable alternative for wastewater treatment, nitrogen removal and energy generation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-102
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemical Engineering Journal
Volume120
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2017

Fingerprint

Bioelectric Energy Sources
Microbial fuel cells
Electrodes
Cathodes
Nitrogen
Nitrates
Denitrification
Waste Water
Nitrogen removal
Nitrites
Wastewater treatment
Microorganisms
Catalysis
Byproducts
Anodes
Acetates
Wastewater
Gases
Electrons
Technology

Keywords

  • Autotrophic denitrification
  • Baffled-reactor
  • Bio-cathode
  • Bio-electrochemical system
  • Denitrification inhibitor
  • Microbial fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Optimization of a baffled-reactor microbial fuel cell using autotrophic denitrifying bio-cathode for removing nitrogen and recovering electrical energy",
abstract = "Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) gained emerging attention as an eco-friendly pathway for recovering electrical energy and treating wastewater. The electrochemical catalysis of cathodic reactions was one of the important issues for practical application of MFC technology. Here, it was disclosed the performance of a stake up-flow baffled-reactor MFC in which autotrophic denitrifying microorganisms catalyzed the cathodic reactions, reducing nitrate to nitrogen gas. The maximum power produced in this bio-electrochemical system (BES) was 15 ± 0.4 W m−3NCV (net cathode volume) at an optimum cathodic nitrate loading rate (CNLR) of 150 g NO3 −−N m−3NCV d−1using acetate as electron donor. A maximum of 76.5 ± 0.5 A m−3NCV current and 97.7 ± 1.8{\%} cathodic coulombic efficiency obtained at this CNLR. Autotrophic denitrification achieved on this bio-cathode was 148.3 ± 1.4 g N m−3NCV d−1utilizing biological anode. The efficiency of autotrophic denitrification and current generation of this BES was inhibited by the accumulation of denitrifying by-product, nitrite (NO2 −), at concentrations beyond 3.59 ± 0.8 mgNO2 −−N L−1in the cathodic stream. The results demonstrated that this bio-cathode based baffled-reactor MFC had a good potential to eliminate abiotic cathodes and thus, made the system more economical and sustainable alternative for wastewater treatment, nitrogen removal and energy generation.",
keywords = "Autotrophic denitrification, Baffled-reactor, Bio-cathode, Bio-electrochemical system, Denitrification inhibitor, Microbial fuel cell",
author = "Abdullah Al-Mamun and Baawain, {Mahad Said} and Felix Egger and Al-Muhtaseb, {Ala'a H.} and Ng, {How Yong}",
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T1 - Optimization of a baffled-reactor microbial fuel cell using autotrophic denitrifying bio-cathode for removing nitrogen and recovering electrical energy

AU - Al-Mamun, Abdullah

AU - Baawain, Mahad Said

AU - Egger, Felix

AU - Al-Muhtaseb, Ala'a H.

AU - Ng, How Yong

PY - 2017/4/15

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N2 - Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) gained emerging attention as an eco-friendly pathway for recovering electrical energy and treating wastewater. The electrochemical catalysis of cathodic reactions was one of the important issues for practical application of MFC technology. Here, it was disclosed the performance of a stake up-flow baffled-reactor MFC in which autotrophic denitrifying microorganisms catalyzed the cathodic reactions, reducing nitrate to nitrogen gas. The maximum power produced in this bio-electrochemical system (BES) was 15 ± 0.4 W m−3NCV (net cathode volume) at an optimum cathodic nitrate loading rate (CNLR) of 150 g NO3 −−N m−3NCV d−1using acetate as electron donor. A maximum of 76.5 ± 0.5 A m−3NCV current and 97.7 ± 1.8% cathodic coulombic efficiency obtained at this CNLR. Autotrophic denitrification achieved on this bio-cathode was 148.3 ± 1.4 g N m−3NCV d−1utilizing biological anode. The efficiency of autotrophic denitrification and current generation of this BES was inhibited by the accumulation of denitrifying by-product, nitrite (NO2 −), at concentrations beyond 3.59 ± 0.8 mgNO2 −−N L−1in the cathodic stream. The results demonstrated that this bio-cathode based baffled-reactor MFC had a good potential to eliminate abiotic cathodes and thus, made the system more economical and sustainable alternative for wastewater treatment, nitrogen removal and energy generation.

AB - Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) gained emerging attention as an eco-friendly pathway for recovering electrical energy and treating wastewater. The electrochemical catalysis of cathodic reactions was one of the important issues for practical application of MFC technology. Here, it was disclosed the performance of a stake up-flow baffled-reactor MFC in which autotrophic denitrifying microorganisms catalyzed the cathodic reactions, reducing nitrate to nitrogen gas. The maximum power produced in this bio-electrochemical system (BES) was 15 ± 0.4 W m−3NCV (net cathode volume) at an optimum cathodic nitrate loading rate (CNLR) of 150 g NO3 −−N m−3NCV d−1using acetate as electron donor. A maximum of 76.5 ± 0.5 A m−3NCV current and 97.7 ± 1.8% cathodic coulombic efficiency obtained at this CNLR. Autotrophic denitrification achieved on this bio-cathode was 148.3 ± 1.4 g N m−3NCV d−1utilizing biological anode. The efficiency of autotrophic denitrification and current generation of this BES was inhibited by the accumulation of denitrifying by-product, nitrite (NO2 −), at concentrations beyond 3.59 ± 0.8 mgNO2 −−N L−1in the cathodic stream. The results demonstrated that this bio-cathode based baffled-reactor MFC had a good potential to eliminate abiotic cathodes and thus, made the system more economical and sustainable alternative for wastewater treatment, nitrogen removal and energy generation.

KW - Autotrophic denitrification

KW - Baffled-reactor

KW - Bio-cathode

KW - Bio-electrochemical system

KW - Denitrification inhibitor

KW - Microbial fuel cell

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