Optimism and pessimism in Kuwaiti and Omani undergraduates

Bader M. Alansari, Ali M. Kazem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study we investigated cultural differences and correlates of optimism and pessimism in Kuwaiti (n = 600) and Omani (n = 600) undergraduates. All respondents completed the Arabic Scale of Optimism and Pessimism (ASOP; Abdel-Khalek & Alansari, 1995), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II; Beck, Steer, & Brown, 1996), and the Kuwait University Anxiety Scale (KUAS; Abdel-Khalek, 2000). The ASOP displayed good internal consistency, a meaningful factorial structure and interpretable factors in both countries. It was found that optimism correlated negatively with the above scales, while the correlations of pessimism were positive, indicating the convergent validity of the ASOP. The Kuwaiti mean score on optimism was significantly lower than the mean of their Omani counterparts, and no significant cultural differences were found for pessimism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-518
Number of pages16
JournalSocial Behavior and Personality
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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Kuwait
Anxiety
Depression
Equipment and Supplies
Pessimism
Optimism
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Cross-cultural study
  • Kuwaiti students
  • Omani students
  • Optimism
  • Pessimism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Optimism and pessimism in Kuwaiti and Omani undergraduates. / Alansari, Bader M.; Kazem, Ali M.

In: Social Behavior and Personality, Vol. 36, No. 4, 2008, p. 503-518.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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