Optimal spatio-temporal design of water quality monitoring networks for reservoirs: Application of the concept of value of information

Nahal Maymandi, Reza Kerachian*, Mohammad Reza Nikoo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a new methodology for optimizing Water Quality Monitoring (WQM) networks of reservoirs and lakes using the concept of the value of information (VOI) and utilizing results of a calibrated numerical water quality simulation model. With reference to the value of information theory, water quality of every checkpoint with a specific prior probability differs in time. After analyzing water quality samples taken from potential monitoring points, the posterior probabilities are updated using the Baye's theorem, and VOI of the samples is calculated. In the next step, the stations with maximum VOI is selected as optimal stations. This process is repeated for each sampling interval to obtain optimal monitoring network locations for each interval. The results of the proposed VOI-based methodology is compared with those obtained using an entropy theoretic approach. As the results of the two methodologies would be partially different, in the next step, the results are combined using a weighting method. Finally, the optimal sampling interval and location of WQM stations are chosen using the Evidential Reasoning (ER) decision making method. The efficiency and applicability of the methodology are evaluated using available water quantity and quality data of the Karkheh Reservoir in the southwestern part of Iran.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-340
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Hydrology
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018


  • Entropy theory
  • Evidential Reasoning method
  • Reservoir
  • Spatio-temporal optimization
  • Value of information theory
  • Water quality monitoring network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this