Operational and technical performance of a water distribution network in Oman

Ahmed Al Naamani, Ahmad Sana*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A water distribution network in an urban area in Muscat region (the capital city of Oman) is assessed for operational performance using the widely accepted methodology proposed by the International Water Association (IWA). The technical performance of this network was assessed using global performance index methods after modifying the performance levels as per local guidelines. A total of 37 operational performance indicators for the network were selected to carry out assessment. Overall operational performance showed high scores whereas some indicators showed unacceptable performance values. The network showed very high technical performance considering nodal pressures. The lower performance for pipe velocity may be attributed to the fact that the network is currently being utilized by 70% of the population for which it was designed. The residual chlorine levels were within the acceptable range of the Public Authority for Water (PAW), showing a very good performance by virtue of water quality. This study will be useful for decision makers to assess the operational, technical and water quality performance of urban networks and take actions for improvements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4593-4607
Number of pages15
JournalWater Supply
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Operational performance
  • Technical performance
  • Water age
  • Water distribution network
  • Water quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology


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