One pot synthesis of opposing 'rose petal' and 'lotus leaf' superhydrophobic materials with zinc oxide nanorods

Myo Tay Zar Myint, Gabor L. Hornyak, Joydeep Dutta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)


The synthesis in one pot1One-pot synthesis indicates that the two-step chemical synthesis on cloth surfaces was accomplished simultaneously for each cloth in one vessel (or one beaker).1 of opposing 'rose petal' and 'lotus leaf' superhydrophobic materials from commercially available superhydrophilic cloth substrates of varying texture is described for the first time. Surfaces of 'rough' textured cloth and 'smooth' textured cloth were simultaneously rendered superhydrophobic by growing zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods by a hydrothermal process in the same chemical bath. Contact angle hysteresis and water pendant drop tests revealed strong water adhesion to ZnO microrod-treated rough cloth. The combination of water contact angle >150° and strong adhesion is indicative of the 'rose petal effect' with potential for water pinning. Smooth cloth with ZnO nanorods exhibited no adhesion to water droplets with facilitative roll-off. The combination of water contact angle >50° and weak to no adhesion with water is indicative of the 'lotus leaf effect' with potential for self-cleaning. Pendant water drop tests indicated cohesive failure of water on rough cloth coated with ZnO nanorods. Natural rose petals demonstrated adhesive failure between the petal surface and water droplet. A parsimonious explanation is presented. We also describe the development of superhydrophobic clothes without the need for special conditions or further chemical modification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-38
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2014



  • Cloth
  • Contact angle
  • Lotus leaf
  • Microrod
  • Nanorod
  • Pendant drop
  • Rose petal
  • Sliding angle
  • Superhydrophobic
  • Zinc oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this