On the differences between high-energy proton and pion showers and their signals in a non-compensating calorimeter

N. Akchurin, S. Ayan, Gy L. Bencze, K. Chikin, H. Cohn, S. Doulas, I. Dumanoǧlu, E. Eskut, A. Fenyvesi, A. Ferrando, M. C. Fouz, O. Ganel, V. Gavrilov, Y. Gershtein, C. Hajdu, J. Iosifidis, M. I. Josa, A. Kayis, A. Khan, S. B. Kim & 33 others V. Kolosov, S. Kuleshov, A. Kuzucu-Polatoz, J. Langland, D. Litvintsev, J. P. Merlo, J. Molnar, A. Nikitin, Y. Onel, G. Önengüt, D. Osborne, N. Özdeş-Koca, H. Oztürk, A. Penzo, E. Pesen, V. Podrasky, A. Rosowsky, J. M. Salicio, C. Sanzeni, R. Sever, H. Silvestri, V. Stolin, L. Sulak, J. Sullivan, A. Ulyanov, S. Uzunian, G. Vesztergombi, R. Wigmans, D. Winn, R. Winsor, A. Yumashev, P. Zalan, M. Zeyrek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the results of experimental studies of hadron showers in a copper/quartz-fiber calorimeter, based on the detection of Cherenkov light. These studies show that there are very significant differences between the signals from protons and pions at the same energies. In the energy range between 200 and 375GeV, where these studies were performed, the calorimeter's response to protons was typically 10% smaller than the response to pions. On the other hand, the energy resolution was about 25% better for protons. In addition, the protons had a Gaussian line shape, whereas the pion response curve was asymmetric. These differences can be understood from the requirements of baryon number conservation in the shower development. They are expected to be present in any non-compensating calorimeter, to a degree determined by the e/h value.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-396
Number of pages17
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume408
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 11 1998

Fingerprint

showers
proton energy
Calorimeters
calorimeters
Protons
pions
protons
line shape
energy
conservation
Quartz
baryons
Conservation
quartz
Copper
copper
requirements
fibers
Fibers
curves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

On the differences between high-energy proton and pion showers and their signals in a non-compensating calorimeter. / Akchurin, N.; Ayan, S.; Bencze, Gy L.; Chikin, K.; Cohn, H.; Doulas, S.; Dumanoǧlu, I.; Eskut, E.; Fenyvesi, A.; Ferrando, A.; Fouz, M. C.; Ganel, O.; Gavrilov, V.; Gershtein, Y.; Hajdu, C.; Iosifidis, J.; Josa, M. I.; Kayis, A.; Khan, A.; Kim, S. B.; Kolosov, V.; Kuleshov, S.; Kuzucu-Polatoz, A.; Langland, J.; Litvintsev, D.; Merlo, J. P.; Molnar, J.; Nikitin, A.; Onel, Y.; Önengüt, G.; Osborne, D.; Özdeş-Koca, N.; Oztürk, H.; Penzo, A.; Pesen, E.; Podrasky, V.; Rosowsky, A.; Salicio, J. M.; Sanzeni, C.; Sever, R.; Silvestri, H.; Stolin, V.; Sulak, L.; Sullivan, J.; Ulyanov, A.; Uzunian, S.; Vesztergombi, G.; Wigmans, R.; Winn, D.; Winsor, R.; Yumashev, A.; Zalan, P.; Zeyrek, M.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 408, No. 2-3, 11.05.1998, p. 380-396.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Akchurin, N, Ayan, S, Bencze, GL, Chikin, K, Cohn, H, Doulas, S, Dumanoǧlu, I, Eskut, E, Fenyvesi, A, Ferrando, A, Fouz, MC, Ganel, O, Gavrilov, V, Gershtein, Y, Hajdu, C, Iosifidis, J, Josa, MI, Kayis, A, Khan, A, Kim, SB, Kolosov, V, Kuleshov, S, Kuzucu-Polatoz, A, Langland, J, Litvintsev, D, Merlo, JP, Molnar, J, Nikitin, A, Onel, Y, Önengüt, G, Osborne, D, Özdeş-Koca, N, Oztürk, H, Penzo, A, Pesen, E, Podrasky, V, Rosowsky, A, Salicio, JM, Sanzeni, C, Sever, R, Silvestri, H, Stolin, V, Sulak, L, Sullivan, J, Ulyanov, A, Uzunian, S, Vesztergombi, G, Wigmans, R, Winn, D, Winsor, R, Yumashev, A, Zalan, P & Zeyrek, M 1998, 'On the differences between high-energy proton and pion showers and their signals in a non-compensating calorimeter', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 408, no. 2-3, pp. 380-396. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9002(98)00021-7
Akchurin, N. ; Ayan, S. ; Bencze, Gy L. ; Chikin, K. ; Cohn, H. ; Doulas, S. ; Dumanoǧlu, I. ; Eskut, E. ; Fenyvesi, A. ; Ferrando, A. ; Fouz, M. C. ; Ganel, O. ; Gavrilov, V. ; Gershtein, Y. ; Hajdu, C. ; Iosifidis, J. ; Josa, M. I. ; Kayis, A. ; Khan, A. ; Kim, S. B. ; Kolosov, V. ; Kuleshov, S. ; Kuzucu-Polatoz, A. ; Langland, J. ; Litvintsev, D. ; Merlo, J. P. ; Molnar, J. ; Nikitin, A. ; Onel, Y. ; Önengüt, G. ; Osborne, D. ; Özdeş-Koca, N. ; Oztürk, H. ; Penzo, A. ; Pesen, E. ; Podrasky, V. ; Rosowsky, A. ; Salicio, J. M. ; Sanzeni, C. ; Sever, R. ; Silvestri, H. ; Stolin, V. ; Sulak, L. ; Sullivan, J. ; Ulyanov, A. ; Uzunian, S. ; Vesztergombi, G. ; Wigmans, R. ; Winn, D. ; Winsor, R. ; Yumashev, A. ; Zalan, P. ; Zeyrek, M. / On the differences between high-energy proton and pion showers and their signals in a non-compensating calorimeter. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 1998 ; Vol. 408, No. 2-3. pp. 380-396.
@article{a8be7ea6fb494b1589b6d22a17fd0f58,
title = "On the differences between high-energy proton and pion showers and their signals in a non-compensating calorimeter",
abstract = "We present the results of experimental studies of hadron showers in a copper/quartz-fiber calorimeter, based on the detection of Cherenkov light. These studies show that there are very significant differences between the signals from protons and pions at the same energies. In the energy range between 200 and 375GeV, where these studies were performed, the calorimeter's response to protons was typically 10{\%} smaller than the response to pions. On the other hand, the energy resolution was about 25{\%} better for protons. In addition, the protons had a Gaussian line shape, whereas the pion response curve was asymmetric. These differences can be understood from the requirements of baryon number conservation in the shower development. They are expected to be present in any non-compensating calorimeter, to a degree determined by the e/h value.",
author = "N. Akchurin and S. Ayan and Bencze, {Gy L.} and K. Chikin and H. Cohn and S. Doulas and I. Dumanoǧlu and E. Eskut and A. Fenyvesi and A. Ferrando and Fouz, {M. C.} and O. Ganel and V. Gavrilov and Y. Gershtein and C. Hajdu and J. Iosifidis and Josa, {M. I.} and A. Kayis and A. Khan and Kim, {S. B.} and V. Kolosov and S. Kuleshov and A. Kuzucu-Polatoz and J. Langland and D. Litvintsev and Merlo, {J. P.} and J. Molnar and A. Nikitin and Y. Onel and G. {\"O}neng{\"u}t and D. Osborne and N. {\"O}zdeş-Koca and H. Ozt{\"u}rk and A. Penzo and E. Pesen and V. Podrasky and A. Rosowsky and Salicio, {J. M.} and C. Sanzeni and R. Sever and H. Silvestri and V. Stolin and L. Sulak and J. Sullivan and A. Ulyanov and S. Uzunian and G. Vesztergombi and R. Wigmans and D. Winn and R. Winsor and A. Yumashev and P. Zalan and M. Zeyrek",
year = "1998",
month = "5",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1016/S0168-9002(98)00021-7",
language = "English",
volume = "408",
pages = "380--396",
journal = "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment",
issn = "0168-9002",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2-3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - On the differences between high-energy proton and pion showers and their signals in a non-compensating calorimeter

AU - Akchurin, N.

AU - Ayan, S.

AU - Bencze, Gy L.

AU - Chikin, K.

AU - Cohn, H.

AU - Doulas, S.

AU - Dumanoǧlu, I.

AU - Eskut, E.

AU - Fenyvesi, A.

AU - Ferrando, A.

AU - Fouz, M. C.

AU - Ganel, O.

AU - Gavrilov, V.

AU - Gershtein, Y.

AU - Hajdu, C.

AU - Iosifidis, J.

AU - Josa, M. I.

AU - Kayis, A.

AU - Khan, A.

AU - Kim, S. B.

AU - Kolosov, V.

AU - Kuleshov, S.

AU - Kuzucu-Polatoz, A.

AU - Langland, J.

AU - Litvintsev, D.

AU - Merlo, J. P.

AU - Molnar, J.

AU - Nikitin, A.

AU - Onel, Y.

AU - Önengüt, G.

AU - Osborne, D.

AU - Özdeş-Koca, N.

AU - Oztürk, H.

AU - Penzo, A.

AU - Pesen, E.

AU - Podrasky, V.

AU - Rosowsky, A.

AU - Salicio, J. M.

AU - Sanzeni, C.

AU - Sever, R.

AU - Silvestri, H.

AU - Stolin, V.

AU - Sulak, L.

AU - Sullivan, J.

AU - Ulyanov, A.

AU - Uzunian, S.

AU - Vesztergombi, G.

AU - Wigmans, R.

AU - Winn, D.

AU - Winsor, R.

AU - Yumashev, A.

AU - Zalan, P.

AU - Zeyrek, M.

PY - 1998/5/11

Y1 - 1998/5/11

N2 - We present the results of experimental studies of hadron showers in a copper/quartz-fiber calorimeter, based on the detection of Cherenkov light. These studies show that there are very significant differences between the signals from protons and pions at the same energies. In the energy range between 200 and 375GeV, where these studies were performed, the calorimeter's response to protons was typically 10% smaller than the response to pions. On the other hand, the energy resolution was about 25% better for protons. In addition, the protons had a Gaussian line shape, whereas the pion response curve was asymmetric. These differences can be understood from the requirements of baryon number conservation in the shower development. They are expected to be present in any non-compensating calorimeter, to a degree determined by the e/h value.

AB - We present the results of experimental studies of hadron showers in a copper/quartz-fiber calorimeter, based on the detection of Cherenkov light. These studies show that there are very significant differences between the signals from protons and pions at the same energies. In the energy range between 200 and 375GeV, where these studies were performed, the calorimeter's response to protons was typically 10% smaller than the response to pions. On the other hand, the energy resolution was about 25% better for protons. In addition, the protons had a Gaussian line shape, whereas the pion response curve was asymmetric. These differences can be understood from the requirements of baryon number conservation in the shower development. They are expected to be present in any non-compensating calorimeter, to a degree determined by the e/h value.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032070233&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032070233&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0168-9002(98)00021-7

DO - 10.1016/S0168-9002(98)00021-7

M3 - Article

VL - 408

SP - 380

EP - 396

JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

SN - 0168-9002

IS - 2-3

ER -