On-line analysis of cracking in cortical bone under wedge penetration

Khurshid Alam, Greet Kerckhofs, Alexander V. Mitrofanov, Stepan Lomov, Martin Wevers, Vadim V. Silberschmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding the mechanism of crack propagation during bone cutting is necessary for the development of realistic bone cutting models. This article studies the on-line fractural behaviour of cortical bone caused by penetration with a sharp metallic wedge mounted on an on-line loading stage within an X-ray microfocus computed tomography system. The experimental results demonstrated anisotropy in crack propagation depending on the penetration direction with regard to the longitudinal bone axis and relate the crack growth to the extent of penetration. Scanning electron microscopy is performed to analyse the mechanism of cracking in the two phase microstructure of compact bone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)709-717
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Volume226
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

Fingerprint

Bone
Bone and Bones
X Ray Computed Tomography
Bone Development
Anisotropy
Crack propagation
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Growth
Tomography
Cortical Bone
X rays
Microstructure
Scanning electron microscopy
Direction compound

Keywords

  • Bone
  • computed tomography
  • crack growth
  • fracture mechanics
  • scanning electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

On-line analysis of cracking in cortical bone under wedge penetration. / Alam, Khurshid; Kerckhofs, Greet; Mitrofanov, Alexander V.; Lomov, Stepan; Wevers, Martin; Silberschmidt, Vadim V.

In: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine, Vol. 226, No. 9, 09.2012, p. 709-717.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alam, Khurshid ; Kerckhofs, Greet ; Mitrofanov, Alexander V. ; Lomov, Stepan ; Wevers, Martin ; Silberschmidt, Vadim V. / On-line analysis of cracking in cortical bone under wedge penetration. In: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine. 2012 ; Vol. 226, No. 9. pp. 709-717.
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