Occurrence and characterization of fungi and oomycetes transmitted via potting mixtures and organic manures

A. M. Al-Sadi*, F. A. Al-Said, A. H. Al-Jabri, I. H. Al-Mahmooli, A. H. Al-Hinai, A. W A M de Cock

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A study was conducted to investigate the most common fungal and oomycete pathogens introduced into farms in Oman via potting mixtures and organic manures. A total of 37 commercial types of potting mixtures (2 local and 35 imported from overseas), 4 commercial types of organic manures and 11 non-commercial types of organic manures were included in the study. Identification of the isolated species was based on morphological characteristics, except for the most common species which were further identified using sequences of the internal transcribed spacer region of the ribosomal DNA (ITS rDNA). Fusarium spp. (14%), Pythium aphanidermatum (3%), Alternaria spp. (5%), Helminthosporium spp. (5%) and Cladosporium spp. (3%) were recovered at different frequencies from samples of potting mixtures. Fusarium solani (40%) and Fusarium equiseti (47%) were recovered at high frequencies from samples of organic manures. Isolations from organic manures also yielded Pythium periplocum (7%), Rhizoctonia solani (7%), Fusarium lichenicola (7%), Helminthosporium spp. (27%) and Alternaria spp. (27%). Trichoderma spp., Penicillium spp., Aspergillus spp. and Rhizopus spp. were found to be common in samples of potting mixtures and organic manures. Investigating sensitivity to hymexazol among 9 isolates of F. equiseti and 13 isolates of F. solani revealed variations among different isolates. The EC50 values ranged from 1 to over 1200 (avg. 192 μg ml-1) for F. equiseti isolates and from 135 to 789 (avg. 324 μg ml-1) for F. solani isolates, indicating presence of resistance to this important fungicide among some Fusarium isolates. This appears to be the first report of contamination with R. solani, P. periplocum, F. solani, F. equiseti and F. lichenicola of organic manures. This study appears to report for the first time F. lichenicola in Oman and appears to be the first report of occurrence of resistance to hymexazol among F. equiseti and F. solani isolates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-44
Number of pages7
JournalCrop Protection
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Fertilizer
  • Fusarium
  • ITS region
  • Pythium
  • Tachigaren

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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