Observation of the rare B0s→μ+μ- decay from the combined analysis of CMS and LHCb data

V. Khachatryan, A. M. Sirunyan, A. Tumasyan, W. Adam, T. Bergauer, M. Dragicevic, J. Erö, M. Friedl, R. Frühwirth, V. M. Ghete, C. Hartl, N. Hörmann, J. Hrubec, M. Jeitler, W. Kiesenhofer, V. Knünz, M. Krammer, I. Krätschmer, D. Liko, I. Mikulec & 31 others D. Rabady, B. Rahbaran, H. Rohringer, R. Schöfbeck, J. Strauss, W. Treberer-Treberspurg, W. Waltenberger, C. E. Wulz, V. Mossolov, N. Shumeiko, J. Suarez Gonzalez, S. Alderweireldt, S. Bansal, T. Cornelis, E. A. De Wolf, X. Janssen, A. Knutsson, J. Lauwers, S. Luyckx, S. Ochesanu, R. Rougny, M. Van De Klundert, H. Van Haevermaet, P. Van Mechelen, N. Van Remortel, A. Van Spilbeeck, F. Blekman, S. Blyweert, J. D'Hondt, A. Radi, The CMS and LHCb collaborations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

214 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The standard model of particle physics describes the fundamental particles and their interactions via the strong, electromagnetic and weak forces. It provides precise predictions for measurable quantities that can be tested experimentally. The probabilities, or branching fractions, of the strangeB meson (B0 s ) andtheB0meson decaying into two oppositely charged muons (μ+ and μ-) are especially interesting because of their sensitivity to theories that extend the standard model. The standard model predicts that the B0s→μ+μ- and B0s→μ+μ- decays are very rare, with about four of the former occurring for every billion B0 s mesons produced, and one of the latter occurring for every ten billion B0 mesons1. A difference in the observed branching fractions with respect to the predictions of the standard model would provide a direction in which the standard model should be extended. Before the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN2 started operating, no evidence for either decay mode had been found. Upper limits on the branching fractions were an order of magnitude above the standard model predictions. The CMS (CompactMuonSolenoid) andLHCb(LargeHadronCollider beauty) collaborations have performed a joint analysis of the data from proton'proton collisions that they collected in 2011 at a centre-ofmass energy of seven teraelectronvolts and in 2012 at eight teraelectronvolts. Here we report the first observation of the B0s→μ+μ- decay, with a statistical significance exceeding six standard deviations, and the best measurement so far of its branching fraction. Furthermore, we obtained evidence for the B0s→μ+μ- decay with a statistical significance of three standard deviations. Both measurements are statistically compatible with standard model predictions and allow stringent constraints to be placed on theories beyond the standardmodel. The LHCexperimentswill resume taking data in 2015, recording proton'proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 teraelectronvolts, which will approximately double the production rates of B0s and B0 mesons and lead to further improvements in the precision of these crucial tests of the standard model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-72
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume522
Issue number7554
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 4 2015

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protons
mesons
predictions
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Khachatryan, V., Sirunyan, A. M., Tumasyan, A., Adam, W., Bergauer, T., Dragicevic, M., ... The CMS and LHCb collaborations (2015). Observation of the rare B0s→μ+μ- decay from the combined analysis of CMS and LHCb data. Nature, 522(7554), 68-72. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14474

Observation of the rare B0s→μ+μ- decay from the combined analysis of CMS and LHCb data. / Khachatryan, V.; Sirunyan, A. M.; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.; Bergauer, T.; Dragicevic, M.; Erö, J.; Friedl, M.; Frühwirth, R.; Ghete, V. M.; Hartl, C.; Hörmann, N.; Hrubec, J.; Jeitler, M.; Kiesenhofer, W.; Knünz, V.; Krammer, M.; Krätschmer, I.; Liko, D.; Mikulec, I.; Rabady, D.; Rahbaran, B.; Rohringer, H.; Schöfbeck, R.; Strauss, J.; Treberer-Treberspurg, W.; Waltenberger, W.; Wulz, C. E.; Mossolov, V.; Shumeiko, N.; Suarez Gonzalez, J.; Alderweireldt, S.; Bansal, S.; Cornelis, T.; De Wolf, E. A.; Janssen, X.; Knutsson, A.; Lauwers, J.; Luyckx, S.; Ochesanu, S.; Rougny, R.; Van De Klundert, M.; Van Haevermaet, H.; Van Mechelen, P.; Van Remortel, N.; Van Spilbeeck, A.; Blekman, F.; Blyweert, S.; D'Hondt, J.; Radi, A.; The CMS and LHCb collaborations.

In: Nature, Vol. 522, No. 7554, 04.06.2015, p. 68-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Khachatryan, V, Sirunyan, AM, Tumasyan, A, Adam, W, Bergauer, T, Dragicevic, M, Erö, J, Friedl, M, Frühwirth, R, Ghete, VM, Hartl, C, Hörmann, N, Hrubec, J, Jeitler, M, Kiesenhofer, W, Knünz, V, Krammer, M, Krätschmer, I, Liko, D, Mikulec, I, Rabady, D, Rahbaran, B, Rohringer, H, Schöfbeck, R, Strauss, J, Treberer-Treberspurg, W, Waltenberger, W, Wulz, CE, Mossolov, V, Shumeiko, N, Suarez Gonzalez, J, Alderweireldt, S, Bansal, S, Cornelis, T, De Wolf, EA, Janssen, X, Knutsson, A, Lauwers, J, Luyckx, S, Ochesanu, S, Rougny, R, Van De Klundert, M, Van Haevermaet, H, Van Mechelen, P, Van Remortel, N, Van Spilbeeck, A, Blekman, F, Blyweert, S, D'Hondt, J, Radi, A & The CMS and LHCb collaborations 2015, 'Observation of the rare B0s→μ+μ- decay from the combined analysis of CMS and LHCb data', Nature, vol. 522, no. 7554, pp. 68-72. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14474
Khachatryan V, Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Bergauer T, Dragicevic M et al. Observation of the rare B0s→μ+μ- decay from the combined analysis of CMS and LHCb data. Nature. 2015 Jun 4;522(7554):68-72. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14474
Khachatryan, V. ; Sirunyan, A. M. ; Tumasyan, A. ; Adam, W. ; Bergauer, T. ; Dragicevic, M. ; Erö, J. ; Friedl, M. ; Frühwirth, R. ; Ghete, V. M. ; Hartl, C. ; Hörmann, N. ; Hrubec, J. ; Jeitler, M. ; Kiesenhofer, W. ; Knünz, V. ; Krammer, M. ; Krätschmer, I. ; Liko, D. ; Mikulec, I. ; Rabady, D. ; Rahbaran, B. ; Rohringer, H. ; Schöfbeck, R. ; Strauss, J. ; Treberer-Treberspurg, W. ; Waltenberger, W. ; Wulz, C. E. ; Mossolov, V. ; Shumeiko, N. ; Suarez Gonzalez, J. ; Alderweireldt, S. ; Bansal, S. ; Cornelis, T. ; De Wolf, E. A. ; Janssen, X. ; Knutsson, A. ; Lauwers, J. ; Luyckx, S. ; Ochesanu, S. ; Rougny, R. ; Van De Klundert, M. ; Van Haevermaet, H. ; Van Mechelen, P. ; Van Remortel, N. ; Van Spilbeeck, A. ; Blekman, F. ; Blyweert, S. ; D'Hondt, J. ; Radi, A. ; The CMS and LHCb collaborations. / Observation of the rare B0s→μ+μ- decay from the combined analysis of CMS and LHCb data. In: Nature. 2015 ; Vol. 522, No. 7554. pp. 68-72.
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abstract = "The standard model of particle physics describes the fundamental particles and their interactions via the strong, electromagnetic and weak forces. It provides precise predictions for measurable quantities that can be tested experimentally. The probabilities, or branching fractions, of the strangeB meson (B0 s ) andtheB0meson decaying into two oppositely charged muons (μ+ and μ-) are especially interesting because of their sensitivity to theories that extend the standard model. The standard model predicts that the B0s→μ+μ- and B0s→μ+μ- decays are very rare, with about four of the former occurring for every billion B0 s mesons produced, and one of the latter occurring for every ten billion B0 mesons1. A difference in the observed branching fractions with respect to the predictions of the standard model would provide a direction in which the standard model should be extended. Before the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN2 started operating, no evidence for either decay mode had been found. Upper limits on the branching fractions were an order of magnitude above the standard model predictions. The CMS (CompactMuonSolenoid) andLHCb(LargeHadronCollider beauty) collaborations have performed a joint analysis of the data from proton'proton collisions that they collected in 2011 at a centre-ofmass energy of seven teraelectronvolts and in 2012 at eight teraelectronvolts. Here we report the first observation of the B0s→μ+μ- decay, with a statistical significance exceeding six standard deviations, and the best measurement so far of its branching fraction. Furthermore, we obtained evidence for the B0s→μ+μ- decay with a statistical significance of three standard deviations. Both measurements are statistically compatible with standard model predictions and allow stringent constraints to be placed on theories beyond the standardmodel. The LHCexperimentswill resume taking data in 2015, recording proton'proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 teraelectronvolts, which will approximately double the production rates of B0s and B0 mesons and lead to further improvements in the precision of these crucial tests of the standard model.",
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T1 - Observation of the rare B0s→μ+μ- decay from the combined analysis of CMS and LHCb data

AU - Khachatryan, V.

AU - Sirunyan, A. M.

AU - Tumasyan, A.

AU - Adam, W.

AU - Bergauer, T.

AU - Dragicevic, M.

AU - Erö, J.

AU - Friedl, M.

AU - Frühwirth, R.

AU - Ghete, V. M.

AU - Hartl, C.

AU - Hörmann, N.

AU - Hrubec, J.

AU - Jeitler, M.

AU - Kiesenhofer, W.

AU - Knünz, V.

AU - Krammer, M.

AU - Krätschmer, I.

AU - Liko, D.

AU - Mikulec, I.

AU - Rabady, D.

AU - Rahbaran, B.

AU - Rohringer, H.

AU - Schöfbeck, R.

AU - Strauss, J.

AU - Treberer-Treberspurg, W.

AU - Waltenberger, W.

AU - Wulz, C. E.

AU - Mossolov, V.

AU - Shumeiko, N.

AU - Suarez Gonzalez, J.

AU - Alderweireldt, S.

AU - Bansal, S.

AU - Cornelis, T.

AU - De Wolf, E. A.

AU - Janssen, X.

AU - Knutsson, A.

AU - Lauwers, J.

AU - Luyckx, S.

AU - Ochesanu, S.

AU - Rougny, R.

AU - Van De Klundert, M.

AU - Van Haevermaet, H.

AU - Van Mechelen, P.

AU - Van Remortel, N.

AU - Van Spilbeeck, A.

AU - Blekman, F.

AU - Blyweert, S.

AU - D'Hondt, J.

AU - Radi, A.

AU - The CMS and LHCb collaborations

PY - 2015/6/4

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N2 - The standard model of particle physics describes the fundamental particles and their interactions via the strong, electromagnetic and weak forces. It provides precise predictions for measurable quantities that can be tested experimentally. The probabilities, or branching fractions, of the strangeB meson (B0 s ) andtheB0meson decaying into two oppositely charged muons (μ+ and μ-) are especially interesting because of their sensitivity to theories that extend the standard model. The standard model predicts that the B0s→μ+μ- and B0s→μ+μ- decays are very rare, with about four of the former occurring for every billion B0 s mesons produced, and one of the latter occurring for every ten billion B0 mesons1. A difference in the observed branching fractions with respect to the predictions of the standard model would provide a direction in which the standard model should be extended. Before the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN2 started operating, no evidence for either decay mode had been found. Upper limits on the branching fractions were an order of magnitude above the standard model predictions. The CMS (CompactMuonSolenoid) andLHCb(LargeHadronCollider beauty) collaborations have performed a joint analysis of the data from proton'proton collisions that they collected in 2011 at a centre-ofmass energy of seven teraelectronvolts and in 2012 at eight teraelectronvolts. Here we report the first observation of the B0s→μ+μ- decay, with a statistical significance exceeding six standard deviations, and the best measurement so far of its branching fraction. Furthermore, we obtained evidence for the B0s→μ+μ- decay with a statistical significance of three standard deviations. Both measurements are statistically compatible with standard model predictions and allow stringent constraints to be placed on theories beyond the standardmodel. The LHCexperimentswill resume taking data in 2015, recording proton'proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 teraelectronvolts, which will approximately double the production rates of B0s and B0 mesons and lead to further improvements in the precision of these crucial tests of the standard model.

AB - The standard model of particle physics describes the fundamental particles and their interactions via the strong, electromagnetic and weak forces. It provides precise predictions for measurable quantities that can be tested experimentally. The probabilities, or branching fractions, of the strangeB meson (B0 s ) andtheB0meson decaying into two oppositely charged muons (μ+ and μ-) are especially interesting because of their sensitivity to theories that extend the standard model. The standard model predicts that the B0s→μ+μ- and B0s→μ+μ- decays are very rare, with about four of the former occurring for every billion B0 s mesons produced, and one of the latter occurring for every ten billion B0 mesons1. A difference in the observed branching fractions with respect to the predictions of the standard model would provide a direction in which the standard model should be extended. Before the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN2 started operating, no evidence for either decay mode had been found. Upper limits on the branching fractions were an order of magnitude above the standard model predictions. The CMS (CompactMuonSolenoid) andLHCb(LargeHadronCollider beauty) collaborations have performed a joint analysis of the data from proton'proton collisions that they collected in 2011 at a centre-ofmass energy of seven teraelectronvolts and in 2012 at eight teraelectronvolts. Here we report the first observation of the B0s→μ+μ- decay, with a statistical significance exceeding six standard deviations, and the best measurement so far of its branching fraction. Furthermore, we obtained evidence for the B0s→μ+μ- decay with a statistical significance of three standard deviations. Both measurements are statistically compatible with standard model predictions and allow stringent constraints to be placed on theories beyond the standardmodel. The LHCexperimentswill resume taking data in 2015, recording proton'proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 teraelectronvolts, which will approximately double the production rates of B0s and B0 mesons and lead to further improvements in the precision of these crucial tests of the standard model.

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