Obesity, eating habits and sedentary behavior of Omani young adolescents: a cross-sectional study

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Background: Sedentary life style and bad nutritional habits are the main etiological factors for obesity-associated non-communicable diseases. Adequate physical activity practice and good nutrition are essential to support growth and development of young
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the physical activity and nutritional status of young Omani adults in Muscat city at the
Sultanate of Oman. Seven Hundred and One Omani young adults (313 males and 388 females) with a comparable age of 17.2 ± 1.4
years were included in this cross-sectional study. All study participants were randomly recruited from four different Omani governorates, and they were all healthy and free of any chronic diseases.
Results: Personal interviews were conducted to collect physical activity and nutritional data, using a study questionnaire. Anthropometric measurements (weight, height, body mass index and waist circumference) were also evaluated for all study participants.
Our results showed that there was no gender difference with regard the socio-demographic characteristics and anthropometric
measurements of the study subjects, P > 0.05. The study participants had a high caloric intake that is associated with overweight and
obesity as evidenced by the increase in BMI. The dietary intake of protein and fat was comparable for both genders and within the
recommended dietary allowances.
Conclusion: The enrolled study subjects had a trend of overweight and obesity that is mainly attributed to sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy nutritional habits. There is a need to adopt physical education intervention programs to improve the life style characteristics
of young Omani adults and to increase their awareness about health risks-associated with sedentary life style.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-10
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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