Nutritional status, assessment, requirements and adequacy of traumatic brain injury patients

Ghazi Daradkeh, Musthafa Mohamed Essa, S. Samir Al-Adawi, Selvaraju Subash, Lubna Mahmood, Parvathy R. Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has been considered as a serious public health problem. Each year, traumatic brain injuries are contributing to a substantial number of cases of permanent disability and deaths and it can be classified according to the severity into penetrating and closed head injury. Symptoms, beside to be unconscious can be defined as vomiting, nausea, headache, dizziness, lack of motor coordination, difficulty in balancing, blurred vision and lightheadedness, bad taste in the mouth, ringing in the ears, fatigue and lethargy as well as changes in sleep patterns. The brain is known to be the functional regulator for all the metabolic activities inside the body and TBI patients mostly have a complex metabolic alterations including aberrant cellular metabolism, abnormal metabolic processes, changes in hormones functions and inflammatory cascade. The TBI patient's status needed to be assessed medically and nutritionally since the medical status of the patients can affect the nutrition part. Data from the four assessment tools are needed to be correctly used and interpreted in order to make a proper nutritional diagnosis, clinical assessment, biochemistry as well as anthropometric measurements. Regardless the methods used for assessing TBI patients, having adequate intake and medical care can lead to a reduction in hospital costs, numbers of day hospitalized, numbers of hours of mechanical ventilation and in the overall infection rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1089-1097
Number of pages9
JournalPakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume17
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Keywords

  • Critical care
  • Head trauma
  • Nutrition adequacy
  • Nutritional assessment
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Medicine(all)

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