Nutritional status, assessment, requirements and adequacy of traumatic brain injury patients

Ghazi Daradkeh, Musthafa Mohamed Essa, S. Samir Al-Adawi, Selvaraju Subash, Lubna Mahmood, Parvathy R. Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has been considered as a serious public health problem. Each year, traumatic brain injuries are contributing to a substantial number of cases of permanent disability and deaths and it can be classified according to the severity into penetrating and closed head injury. Symptoms, beside to be unconscious can be defined as vomiting, nausea, headache, dizziness, lack of motor coordination, difficulty in balancing, blurred vision and lightheadedness, bad taste in the mouth, ringing in the ears, fatigue and lethargy as well as changes in sleep patterns. The brain is known to be the functional regulator for all the metabolic activities inside the body and TBI patients mostly have a complex metabolic alterations including aberrant cellular metabolism, abnormal metabolic processes, changes in hormones functions and inflammatory cascade. The TBI patient's status needed to be assessed medically and nutritionally since the medical status of the patients can affect the nutrition part. Data from the four assessment tools are needed to be correctly used and interpreted in order to make a proper nutritional diagnosis, clinical assessment, biochemistry as well as anthropometric measurements. Regardless the methods used for assessing TBI patients, having adequate intake and medical care can lead to a reduction in hospital costs, numbers of day hospitalized, numbers of hours of mechanical ventilation and in the overall infection rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1089-1097
Number of pages9
JournalPakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume17
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Nutrition Assessment
Nutritional Status
nutritional status
brain
Dizziness
Penetrating Head Injuries
Closed Head Injuries
Lethargy
Hospital Costs
Adequate Intakes
Ataxia
nausea
headache
Artificial Respiration
Biochemistry
Nausea
Vomiting
Fatigue
Ear
Headache

Keywords

  • Critical care
  • Head trauma
  • Nutrition adequacy
  • Nutritional assessment
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Nutritional status, assessment, requirements and adequacy of traumatic brain injury patients. / Daradkeh, Ghazi; Essa, Musthafa Mohamed; Samir Al-Adawi, S.; Subash, Selvaraju; Mahmood, Lubna; Kumar, Parvathy R.

In: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 17, No. 10, 2014, p. 1089-1097.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Daradkeh, Ghazi ; Essa, Musthafa Mohamed ; Samir Al-Adawi, S. ; Subash, Selvaraju ; Mahmood, Lubna ; Kumar, Parvathy R. / Nutritional status, assessment, requirements and adequacy of traumatic brain injury patients. In: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 2014 ; Vol. 17, No. 10. pp. 1089-1097.
@article{1f73252fe8b245bbb7e4ba1107164a35,
title = "Nutritional status, assessment, requirements and adequacy of traumatic brain injury patients",
abstract = "Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has been considered as a serious public health problem. Each year, traumatic brain injuries are contributing to a substantial number of cases of permanent disability and deaths and it can be classified according to the severity into penetrating and closed head injury. Symptoms, beside to be unconscious can be defined as vomiting, nausea, headache, dizziness, lack of motor coordination, difficulty in balancing, blurred vision and lightheadedness, bad taste in the mouth, ringing in the ears, fatigue and lethargy as well as changes in sleep patterns. The brain is known to be the functional regulator for all the metabolic activities inside the body and TBI patients mostly have a complex metabolic alterations including aberrant cellular metabolism, abnormal metabolic processes, changes in hormones functions and inflammatory cascade. The TBI patient's status needed to be assessed medically and nutritionally since the medical status of the patients can affect the nutrition part. Data from the four assessment tools are needed to be correctly used and interpreted in order to make a proper nutritional diagnosis, clinical assessment, biochemistry as well as anthropometric measurements. Regardless the methods used for assessing TBI patients, having adequate intake and medical care can lead to a reduction in hospital costs, numbers of day hospitalized, numbers of hours of mechanical ventilation and in the overall infection rates.",
keywords = "Critical care, Head trauma, Nutrition adequacy, Nutritional assessment, Traumatic brain injury",
author = "Ghazi Daradkeh and Essa, {Musthafa Mohamed} and {Samir Al-Adawi}, S. and Selvaraju Subash and Lubna Mahmood and Kumar, {Parvathy R.}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.3923/pjbs.2014.1089.1097",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "1089--1097",
journal = "Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences",
issn = "1028-8880",
publisher = "Asian Network for Scientific Information",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nutritional status, assessment, requirements and adequacy of traumatic brain injury patients

AU - Daradkeh, Ghazi

AU - Essa, Musthafa Mohamed

AU - Samir Al-Adawi, S.

AU - Subash, Selvaraju

AU - Mahmood, Lubna

AU - Kumar, Parvathy R.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has been considered as a serious public health problem. Each year, traumatic brain injuries are contributing to a substantial number of cases of permanent disability and deaths and it can be classified according to the severity into penetrating and closed head injury. Symptoms, beside to be unconscious can be defined as vomiting, nausea, headache, dizziness, lack of motor coordination, difficulty in balancing, blurred vision and lightheadedness, bad taste in the mouth, ringing in the ears, fatigue and lethargy as well as changes in sleep patterns. The brain is known to be the functional regulator for all the metabolic activities inside the body and TBI patients mostly have a complex metabolic alterations including aberrant cellular metabolism, abnormal metabolic processes, changes in hormones functions and inflammatory cascade. The TBI patient's status needed to be assessed medically and nutritionally since the medical status of the patients can affect the nutrition part. Data from the four assessment tools are needed to be correctly used and interpreted in order to make a proper nutritional diagnosis, clinical assessment, biochemistry as well as anthropometric measurements. Regardless the methods used for assessing TBI patients, having adequate intake and medical care can lead to a reduction in hospital costs, numbers of day hospitalized, numbers of hours of mechanical ventilation and in the overall infection rates.

AB - Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has been considered as a serious public health problem. Each year, traumatic brain injuries are contributing to a substantial number of cases of permanent disability and deaths and it can be classified according to the severity into penetrating and closed head injury. Symptoms, beside to be unconscious can be defined as vomiting, nausea, headache, dizziness, lack of motor coordination, difficulty in balancing, blurred vision and lightheadedness, bad taste in the mouth, ringing in the ears, fatigue and lethargy as well as changes in sleep patterns. The brain is known to be the functional regulator for all the metabolic activities inside the body and TBI patients mostly have a complex metabolic alterations including aberrant cellular metabolism, abnormal metabolic processes, changes in hormones functions and inflammatory cascade. The TBI patient's status needed to be assessed medically and nutritionally since the medical status of the patients can affect the nutrition part. Data from the four assessment tools are needed to be correctly used and interpreted in order to make a proper nutritional diagnosis, clinical assessment, biochemistry as well as anthropometric measurements. Regardless the methods used for assessing TBI patients, having adequate intake and medical care can lead to a reduction in hospital costs, numbers of day hospitalized, numbers of hours of mechanical ventilation and in the overall infection rates.

KW - Critical care

KW - Head trauma

KW - Nutrition adequacy

KW - Nutritional assessment

KW - Traumatic brain injury

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84904015522&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84904015522&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3923/pjbs.2014.1089.1097

DO - 10.3923/pjbs.2014.1089.1097

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 1089

EP - 1097

JO - Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences

JF - Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences

SN - 1028-8880

IS - 10

ER -