Nutrient limitation of primary producers affects planktivorous fish condition

Arne Michael Malzahn, Nicole Aberle, Catriona Clemmesen, Maarten Boersma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated whether nutrient limitations of primary producers act upward through food webs only in terms of density effects or if there is a second pathway for nutrient limitation signals channelled upward to higher trophic levels. We used tritrophic food chains to assess the effects of nutrient-limited phytoplankters (the cryptophyte Rhodomonas salina) on herbivorous zooplankters (the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa) and finally zooplanktivores (larval herring Clupea harengus) living on the herbivores. The primary producers' food quality had a significant effect on fish condition. Our experimental phosphorus-limited food chain resulted in larval fish with a significantly poorer condition than their counterparts reared under nitrogen-limited or nutrient-sufficient conditions. Our results show that mineral nutrient requirements of consumers have to be satisfied first before fatty acids can promote further growth. This challenges the match/mismatch hypothesis, which links larval fish survival probability solely to prey availability, and could imply that reduced nutrient releases into the environment may affect fish stocks even more severely than previously believed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2062-2071
Number of pages10
JournalLimnology and Oceanography
Volume52
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007

Fingerprint

nutrient limitation
nutrient
nutrients
fish
food chain
prey availability
food quality
Rhodomonas
Acartia tonsa
trophic level
Clupea harengus
food web
herbivore
herring
nutrient requirements
fatty acid
food webs
phosphorus
Copepoda
herbivores

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

Malzahn, A. M., Aberle, N., Clemmesen, C., & Boersma, M. (2007). Nutrient limitation of primary producers affects planktivorous fish condition. Limnology and Oceanography, 52(5), 2062-2071.

Nutrient limitation of primary producers affects planktivorous fish condition. / Malzahn, Arne Michael; Aberle, Nicole; Clemmesen, Catriona; Boersma, Maarten.

In: Limnology and Oceanography, Vol. 52, No. 5, 09.2007, p. 2062-2071.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Malzahn, AM, Aberle, N, Clemmesen, C & Boersma, M 2007, 'Nutrient limitation of primary producers affects planktivorous fish condition', Limnology and Oceanography, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 2062-2071.
Malzahn AM, Aberle N, Clemmesen C, Boersma M. Nutrient limitation of primary producers affects planktivorous fish condition. Limnology and Oceanography. 2007 Sep;52(5):2062-2071.
Malzahn, Arne Michael ; Aberle, Nicole ; Clemmesen, Catriona ; Boersma, Maarten. / Nutrient limitation of primary producers affects planktivorous fish condition. In: Limnology and Oceanography. 2007 ; Vol. 52, No. 5. pp. 2062-2071.
@article{4bebd07cd5c942caa6b150d8adb12653,
title = "Nutrient limitation of primary producers affects planktivorous fish condition",
abstract = "We investigated whether nutrient limitations of primary producers act upward through food webs only in terms of density effects or if there is a second pathway for nutrient limitation signals channelled upward to higher trophic levels. We used tritrophic food chains to assess the effects of nutrient-limited phytoplankters (the cryptophyte Rhodomonas salina) on herbivorous zooplankters (the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa) and finally zooplanktivores (larval herring Clupea harengus) living on the herbivores. The primary producers' food quality had a significant effect on fish condition. Our experimental phosphorus-limited food chain resulted in larval fish with a significantly poorer condition than their counterparts reared under nitrogen-limited or nutrient-sufficient conditions. Our results show that mineral nutrient requirements of consumers have to be satisfied first before fatty acids can promote further growth. This challenges the match/mismatch hypothesis, which links larval fish survival probability solely to prey availability, and could imply that reduced nutrient releases into the environment may affect fish stocks even more severely than previously believed.",
author = "Malzahn, {Arne Michael} and Nicole Aberle and Catriona Clemmesen and Maarten Boersma",
year = "2007",
month = "9",
language = "English",
volume = "52",
pages = "2062--2071",
journal = "Limnology and Oceanography",
issn = "0024-3590",
publisher = "American Society of Limnology and Oceanography Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nutrient limitation of primary producers affects planktivorous fish condition

AU - Malzahn, Arne Michael

AU - Aberle, Nicole

AU - Clemmesen, Catriona

AU - Boersma, Maarten

PY - 2007/9

Y1 - 2007/9

N2 - We investigated whether nutrient limitations of primary producers act upward through food webs only in terms of density effects or if there is a second pathway for nutrient limitation signals channelled upward to higher trophic levels. We used tritrophic food chains to assess the effects of nutrient-limited phytoplankters (the cryptophyte Rhodomonas salina) on herbivorous zooplankters (the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa) and finally zooplanktivores (larval herring Clupea harengus) living on the herbivores. The primary producers' food quality had a significant effect on fish condition. Our experimental phosphorus-limited food chain resulted in larval fish with a significantly poorer condition than their counterparts reared under nitrogen-limited or nutrient-sufficient conditions. Our results show that mineral nutrient requirements of consumers have to be satisfied first before fatty acids can promote further growth. This challenges the match/mismatch hypothesis, which links larval fish survival probability solely to prey availability, and could imply that reduced nutrient releases into the environment may affect fish stocks even more severely than previously believed.

AB - We investigated whether nutrient limitations of primary producers act upward through food webs only in terms of density effects or if there is a second pathway for nutrient limitation signals channelled upward to higher trophic levels. We used tritrophic food chains to assess the effects of nutrient-limited phytoplankters (the cryptophyte Rhodomonas salina) on herbivorous zooplankters (the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa) and finally zooplanktivores (larval herring Clupea harengus) living on the herbivores. The primary producers' food quality had a significant effect on fish condition. Our experimental phosphorus-limited food chain resulted in larval fish with a significantly poorer condition than their counterparts reared under nitrogen-limited or nutrient-sufficient conditions. Our results show that mineral nutrient requirements of consumers have to be satisfied first before fatty acids can promote further growth. This challenges the match/mismatch hypothesis, which links larval fish survival probability solely to prey availability, and could imply that reduced nutrient releases into the environment may affect fish stocks even more severely than previously believed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=35349008031&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=35349008031&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 52

SP - 2062

EP - 2071

JO - Limnology and Oceanography

JF - Limnology and Oceanography

SN - 0024-3590

IS - 5

ER -